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Table 2 Descriptive analyses, BMI as outcome variable

From: High magnitude of under nutrition among HIV infected adults who have not started ART in Tanzania--a call to include nutrition care and treatment in the test and treat model

Variable

BMI < 18.5

BMI > =18.5

Total

p

N (x̅)

% (SD)

N (x̅)

%(SD)

N

%

 

Age (mean years)

(37.14)

(8.59)

(38.32)

(8.61)

3999

 

<0.001

Age (years)

 18.47–30.65

249

22.6

551

19.0

800

20.0

0.003

 30.66–34.96

234

21.2

566

19.6

800

20.0

 

 34.97–39.07

231

20.9

569

19.7

800

20.0

 

 39.08–44.80

204

18.5

596

20.6

800

20.0

 

 44.80–83.35

186

16.8

613

20.1

799

20.0

 

Sex

 Male

380

30.0

888

70.0

1268

31.8

0.025

 Female

724

26.6

2001

73.4

2725

68.2

 

Wealth index

 Lowest

217

26.6

434

17.8

651

20.0

<0.001

 Low

196

24.0

462

19.0

658

20.2

 

 Middle

175

21.5

560

23.0

735

22.6

 

 High

123

15.1

506

20.8

629

19.4

 

 Highest

105

12.8

473

19.4

578

17.8

 

Emotional distress

(1.29)

(0.43)

(1.25)

(0.39)

3055

 

0.019

Depression score

(1.35)

(0.52)

(1.30)

(0.48)

  

0.010

Depression

 Yes

779

70.4

1849

63.6

2628

65.5

<0.001

 No

327

29.6

1057

36.4

1384

34.5

 

Social support

(25.37)

(8.00)

(25.07)

(8.39)

3154

 

0.381

Alcohol dependency

 Yes

4

1.4

17

2.1

21

1.9

0.005

 No

290

98.6

797

97.9

1091

98.1

 

HIV clinical stage

 Stage 1

12

1.2

181

6.8

193

5.3

<0.001

 Stage 2

112

11.1

522

19.5

634

17.2

 

 Stage 3

599

59.4

1701

63.8

2300

62.6

 

 Stage 4

285

28.3

264

9.9

549

14.9

 

Dietary diversity

 Mean

(2.90)

(1.56)

(2.97)

(1.61)

3137

 

0.280

 DDS < 3

399

48.7

1050

45.3

1449

46.2

0.099

 DDS > =3

421

51.3

1267

54.7

1688

53.8