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Table 2 Descriptive analyses, BMI as outcome variable

From: High magnitude of under nutrition among HIV infected adults who have not started ART in Tanzania--a call to include nutrition care and treatment in the test and treat model

Variable BMI < 18.5 BMI > =18.5 Total p
N (x̅) % (SD) N (x̅) %(SD) N %  
Age (mean years) (37.14) (8.59) (38.32) (8.61) 3999   <0.001
Age (years)
 18.47–30.65 249 22.6 551 19.0 800 20.0 0.003
 30.66–34.96 234 21.2 566 19.6 800 20.0  
 34.97–39.07 231 20.9 569 19.7 800 20.0  
 39.08–44.80 204 18.5 596 20.6 800 20.0  
 44.80–83.35 186 16.8 613 20.1 799 20.0  
Sex
 Male 380 30.0 888 70.0 1268 31.8 0.025
 Female 724 26.6 2001 73.4 2725 68.2  
Wealth index
 Lowest 217 26.6 434 17.8 651 20.0 <0.001
 Low 196 24.0 462 19.0 658 20.2  
 Middle 175 21.5 560 23.0 735 22.6  
 High 123 15.1 506 20.8 629 19.4  
 Highest 105 12.8 473 19.4 578 17.8  
Emotional distress (1.29) (0.43) (1.25) (0.39) 3055   0.019
Depression score (1.35) (0.52) (1.30) (0.48)    0.010
Depression
 Yes 779 70.4 1849 63.6 2628 65.5 <0.001
 No 327 29.6 1057 36.4 1384 34.5  
Social support (25.37) (8.00) (25.07) (8.39) 3154   0.381
Alcohol dependency
 Yes 4 1.4 17 2.1 21 1.9 0.005
 No 290 98.6 797 97.9 1091 98.1  
HIV clinical stage
 Stage 1 12 1.2 181 6.8 193 5.3 <0.001
 Stage 2 112 11.1 522 19.5 634 17.2  
 Stage 3 599 59.4 1701 63.8 2300 62.6  
 Stage 4 285 28.3 264 9.9 549 14.9  
Dietary diversity
 Mean (2.90) (1.56) (2.97) (1.61) 3137   0.280
 DDS < 3 399 48.7 1050 45.3 1449 46.2 0.099
 DDS > =3 421 51.3 1267 54.7 1688 53.8