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Table 1 Food group factor loadings and mean intake (g) by PCA-derived dietary pattern tertile for Guatemalan women. INCAP Nutrition Supplementation Trial Longitudinal Cohort, 2002–2004 (n = 742)

From: Dietary patterns and cardio-metabolic risk in a population of Guatemalan young adults

  Meat-based modern Starch-based modern Traditional
Food groups Factor loading T1a
(g)
T2
(g)
T3
(g)
Factor loading T1
(g)
T2
(g)
T3
(g)
Factor loading T1
(g)
T2
(g)
T3
(g)
Corn tortilla 0.23 343.9 397.7 390.4 0.03 389.2 382.6 359.3 0.70* 252.4 369.0 510.2
Refined grains 0.19 64.6 70.4 81.0 0.39* 46.2 73.3 96.8 0.01 70.2 70.4 75.3
Pastry 0.25 32.5 52.7 66.7 0.12 42.3 52.2 57.3 0.06 46.4 51.1 54.2
Salty snacks 0.49* 1.0 3.9 11.3 0.02 4.7 4.8 6.7 0.11 5.4 4.5 6.3
Non-starchy vegetables 0.08 90.0 77.9 93.0 0.52* 34.7 73.1 154.0 −0.14 116.6 78.8 65.3
Starchy vegetables 0.03 37.0 36.2 41.2 0.56* 12.5 29.1 73.3 −0.13 53.3 33.8 27.2
Fried starches 0.30 26.5 42.4 58.7 0.44* 18.4 35.6 73.7 −0.10 49.7 44.6 33.0
Fruits 0.07 225.6 196.0 231.4 0.39* 126.2 202.6 325.9 0.02 251.7 186.2 214.6
Eggs 0.35 19.4 29.8 37.6 0.21 22.3 29.5 34.9 0.31 20.1 30.9 35.8
Poultry 0.05 19.7 21.2 22.9 0.34 14.2 18.4 31.3 0.04 21.2 20.5 22.2
Red meat and pork 0.25 9.1 12.2 19.7 0.30 8.1 13.6 19.3 −0.24 18.7 13.0 9.3
Processed meats 0.39* 4.7 8.1 15.2 0.26 5.8 8.5 13.7 −0.05 10.8 8.8 8.3
Giblets 0.08 14.7 13.5 17.0 0.47* 5.3 10.4 29.7 0.07 12.4 15.8 17.1
Fish 0.23 5.6 9.6 13.0 0.21 4.3 6.7 17.3 0.14 9.1 7.7 11.3
Fried meats 0.51* 8.7 17.2 30.8 0.19 13.0 20.2 23.4 −0.09 22.5 17.6 16.5
Dairy 0.14 64.6 80.9 103.1 0.34 32.4 83.5 133.1 −0.36* 141.3 65.4 41.0
Beans 0.03 119.0 117.2 96.1 0.03 117.1 117.5 97.6 0.63 53.3 85.7 193.3
Oils/fats 0.24 6.6 9.8 13.7 0.37* 5.2 9.1 15.9 0.0 11.1 9.5 9.4
Sugar added to coffee −0.06 12.3 13.6 12.6 −0.02 12.8 13.4 12.3 0.36* 7.5 11.6 19.4
Sweets 0.48* 1.2 3.1 8.6 0.13 3.5 3.4 5.9 −0.16 6.7 3.5 2.6
Alcohol 0.39* 0.1 0.3 5.7 −0.14 4.5 0.6 1.0 0.17 0.9 1.7 3.5
Sugar-sweetened beverages 0.01 307.4 297.6 300.7 0.45* 153.4 316.5 438.4 0.15 288.1 290.8 326.8
Low-energy drinksb 0.70* 24.1 70.1 206.3 −0.09 105.3 93.8 100.1 −0.06 113.0 100.7 85.6
Packaged soup −0.06 17.3 12.9 12.3 0.37* 3.5 12.1 27.1 −0.08 18.7 11.1 12.7
Traditional Guatemalan foodsc 0.36* 25.9 39.7 69.2 0.17 36.2 42.0 56.4 0.09 42.4 45.4 46.7
Transitional foodsd 0.55* 1.0 1.4 8.4 0.07 3.2 2.5 5.2 −0.36* 8.0 1.9 0.8
  1. Whole grains and nuts were excluded from analyses due to low (<10%) consumption
  2. Abbreviations: INCAP Institute of Nutrition for Central America and Panama, PCA principal component analysis, T tertile
  3. aMean intake of food groups (g) across tertiles
  4. bSparkling/soda water and coconut water
  5. cTamales and tacos
  6. dPizza and hamburgers
  7. *Food groups characterizing the dietary pattern (i.e. food groups with absolute factor loadings >0.35)