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Table 2 Proportion of products carrying nutrient content claims per Schedule Ma food categories in FLIP 2010-2013

From: Assessing nutrition and other claims on food labels: a repeated cross-sectional analysis of the Canadian food supply

Nutrient Content Claimsb,c FLIP 2010d FLIP 2013f p value overallg
  Top food categories carrying nutrient content claims in FLIP 2010a,e Top food categories carrying nutrient content claims in FLIP 2010a,e
  n % Food Categorya % n % Food Categorya %
Vitamins and minerals 1512 14.4% Meal Replacements 42.1% 2319 15.2% Meal Replacements 87.3% 0.095
Any vitamin or mineral claim containing the following: “contains”, “source of”, “contains X essential nutrients”, “high in”, “higher in...”, “reduced”, “free” Fruit and Fruit Juices 34.0% Fruit and Fruit Juices 48.8%
Dairy Products and Substitutes 30.0% Dairy Products and Substitutes 43.8%
Cereals and Other Grain Products 27.9% Cereals and Other Grain Products 25.2%
Vegetables 23.9% Vegetables 19.4%
Total fat 1631 15.6% Soups 53.0% 1828 12.0% Soups 40.1% <0.001
Free of fat, low in fat, reduced in fat, lower in fat, (%) fat free, no added fat Cereals and Other Grain Products 29.3% Desserts 26.2%
Egg and Egg Substitutes 27.0% Egg and Egg Substitutes 23.2%
Desserts 26.9% Dairy Products and Substitutes 21.9%
Dairy Products and Substitutes 25.3% Cereals and Other Grain Products 20.9%
Trans fat 1622 15.5% Potatoes, Sweet Potatoes and Yams 46.3% 1710 11.2% Potatoes, Sweet Potatoes and Yams 37.1% <0.001
Free of trans fat, reduced in trans fat Snacks 44.2% Snacks 33.1%
Bakery Products 36.4% Bakery Products 26.5%
Fats and Oils 28.2% Fats and Oils 24.7%
Miscellaneous category 26.3% Salads 21.4%
Fibre 1039 9.9% Legumes 47.6% 1249 8.2% Legumes 43.3% <0.001
Source of fibre, high source of fibre, very high source of fibre, more fibre Cereals and Other Grain Products 38.7% Cereals and Other Grain Products 33.5%
Soups 18.6% Combination Dishes 13.3%
Snacks 15.9% Snacks 13.0%
Bakery Products 13.4% Nuts and Seeds 12.3%
Saturated fat 908 8.7% Potatoes, Sweet Potatoes and Yams 33.7% 893 5.8% Potatoes, Sweet Potatoes and Yams 27.1% <0.001
Free of saturated fat, low in saturated fat, reduced in saturated fat, lower in saturated fat Fats and Oils 27.6% Fats and Oils 24.5%
Meal Replacements 24.6% Salads 17.1%
Bakery Products 18.2% Bakery Products 13.8%
Snacks 14.7% Marine and Fresh Water Animals 12.7%
Cholesterol 676 6.5% Egg and Egg Substitutes 27.0% 803 5.3% Egg and Egg Substitutes 23.2% <0.001
Free of cholesterol, low in cholesterol, reduced in cholesterol, lower in cholesterol Potatoes, Sweet Potatoes and Yams 25.3% Potatoes, Sweet Potatoes and Yams 21.4%
Fats and Oils 18.3% Fats and Oils 16.4%
Bakery Products 15.6% Bakery Products 11.7%
Snacks 9.1% Snacks 7.8%
Sugar 418 4.0% Fruit and Fruit Juices 27.3% 785 5.1% Fruit and Fruit Juices 30.8% <0.001
Free of sugars, reduced in sugars, lower in sugars, no added sugars Beverages 13.6% Beverages 17.0%
Sugars and Sweets 5.1% Nuts and Seeds 9.5%
Desserts 4.8% Dairy Products and Substitutes 7.1%
Fats and Oils 4.8% Desserts 6.4%
Sodium 474 4.5% Soups 17.7% 755 4.9% Nuts and Seeds 24.1% 0.121
Free of sodium, low in sodium, reduced in sodium, lower in sodium, no added sodium, lightly salted Cereals and Other Grain Products 14.9% Soups 19.5%
Nuts and Seeds 11.0% Cereals and Other Grain Products 11.5%
Potatoes, Sweet Potatoes and Yams 7.4% Vegetables 9.4%
Vegetables 7.1% Snacks 8.4%
Protein 221 2.1% Egg and Egg Substitutes 13.5% 450 2.9% Meal Replacements 43.6% <0.001
Source of protein, excellent source of protein, more protein Marine and Fresh Water Animals 9.5% Egg and Egg Substitutes 17.9%
Meat, Poultry, Their Products and Substitutes 9.2% Dairy Products and Substitutes 13.6%
Dairy Products and Substitutes 9.2% Salads 12.9%
Meal Replacements 7.0% Meat, Poultry, Their Products and Substitutes 11.7%
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) 346 3.3% Marine and Fresh Water Animals 30.4% 445 2.9% Marine and Fresh Water Animals 31.8% 0.076
Source of omega-3 PUFAs, source of omega-6 PUFAs Egg and Egg Substitutes 21.6% Fats and Oils 17.8%
Fats and Oils 19.8% Egg and Egg Substitutes 16.1%
Salads 5.0% Salads 11.4%
Bakery Products 3.1% Nuts and Seeds 7.7%
Energy/Calories 261 2.5% Beverages 27.6% 387 2.5% Meal Replacements 29.1% 0.829
Free of energy, low in energy, reduced in energy, lower in energy, source of energy, more energy, light in energy Meal Replacements 19.3% Beverages 26.6%
Fats and Oils 6.5% Fats and Oils 6.5%
Sugars and Sweets 6.4% Sugars and Sweets 3.7%
Desserts 4.0% Fruit and Fruit Juices 3.2%
Lean 86 0.80% Meat, Poultry, Their Products and Substitutes 12.9% 69 0.5% Meat, Poultry, Their Products and Substitutes 7.4% <0.001
Lean, extra lean Snacks 0.2% Marine and Fresh Water Animals 0.7%
  1. aFood categories defined as per Schedule M of the Food and Drug Regulations [13, 27]
  2. bAll approved variations in wording were included
  3. cClassified according to Canadian regulations (sections B.01.503 to B.01.513 of the Food and Drug Regulations) [13]
  4. dNumber and proportion of foods carrying each type of nutrient content claim in FLIP 2010 (n = 10,487), as reported in Schermel et al., APNM, 2013;38(6):666-672 [24]
  5. eProportion of foods carrying a nutrient content claim in the top Schedule M food categories
  6. fNumber and proportion of foods carrying each type of nutrient content claim in FLIP 2013 (n = 15,286)
  7. gStatistical difference in the overall proportion of foods carrying nutrient content claims between 2010 and 2013. A p value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant
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