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Table 3 Comparison of menus as planned among the 32 LTC homes from four provinces

From: Nutritional quality of regular and pureed menus in Canadian long term care homes: an analysis of the Making the Most of Mealtimes (M3) project

Among All Provinces
  RDA (70+ M) Regular Texture Menu Pureed Texture Menu
AI* (70+ M) Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Energy (kcal) n/a 2058.4 (397.1)a 1800.9 (507.2)
Protein (g) 56 86.5 (20.7)a 82.2 (23.6)
Carbohydrates (g) 130 265.8 (52.2)a 229.2 (66.9)
Fibre (g) 30 20.9 (5.05) a 16.9 (5.68)
Vitamin A (RAE) 900 1061.8 (618.0)b 982.4 (503.9)
Vitamin B1 (mg) 1.2 1.67 (0.50)a 1.38 (0.60)
Vitamin B2 (mg) 1.3 2.43 (1.03)b 2.28 (0.94)
Vitamin B3-NE (mg) 16 34.8 (9.85)a 28.8 (12.3)
Vitamin B6 (mg) 1.7 1.68 (0.52) a 1.48 (0.62)
Vitamin B12 (mcg) 2.4 5.55 (4.89) 5.13 (3.04)
Vitamin C (mg) 90 130.6 (74.0)b 128.6 (69.1)
Vitamin D (mcg) 20 7.52 (3.78) b,c 8.42 (4.43)
Vitamin E (mg) 15 6.74 (2.40) b,c 5.49 (2.68)
Folate-DFE (mcg) 400 375.0 (126.1) a 267.8 (117.5)
Vitamin K (mcg) 120* 110.3 (101.1) b,c 88.2 (95.3)
Pantothenic Acid (mg) 5* 22.3 (49.5)b,c 10.4 (33.0)
Calcium (mg) 1200 1016.3 (373.8) b 1031.4 (459.4)
Copper (mg) 0.9 1.41 (0.88)a 1.08 (0.55)
Iron (mg) 9 13.6 (3.32)b,c 11.3 (3.17)
Magnesium (mg) 420 315.1 (74.6) a 265.4 (94.7)
Manganese (mg) 2.3* 4.32 (1.38)a 2.98 (1.38)
Phosphorus (mg) 700 1465.9 (362.3)a 1355.8 (440.1)
Potassium (mg) 4700* 3103.2 (768.3) a 3111.3 (1035.6)
Selenium (mcg) 55 116.3 (35.2)a 87.4 (44.5)
Sodium (mg) 2300* 3140.7 (830.2)a 2775.9 (920.3)
Zinc (mg) 11 10.6 (3.22) b,c 9.31 (3.88)
  1. An ANOVA was performed between the regular texture menus (n = 32) and the pureed texture menus (n = 32) among the 32 LTC homes from four provinces. Abbreviations: RDA = recommended dietary allowance; AI = adequate intake; M = male; SD = standard deviation; kcal = kilocalorie; g = gram; mg = milligram; mcg = microgram; RAE = retinol activity equivalent; NE = niacin equivalents; DFE = dietary folate equivalent. Bold text represents values under the RDA or AI
  2. *Adequate Intake
  3. aSignificant interaction effect of province and texture between the two menu textures, i.e., there are differences at province and texture mean levels, but differences are not consistent p < 0.01
  4. bSignificant province effect i.e., differences occur among provinces in mean levels p < 0.01
  5. cSignificant texture effect, i.e., differences occur between textures in mean levels p < 0.01
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