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Table 1 Maternal, newborn and child characteristics for the children in India and The Gambia who have participated in the EMPHASIS study

From: Protocol for the EMPHASIS study; epigenetic mechanisms linking maternal pre-conceptional nutrition and children’s health in India and Sub-Saharan Africa

  MMNP, India PMMST, The Gambia
Mothers
 N 1562   376  
 Age at conception (y)a 24 (21, 27) 29 (29, 35)
 Pre-pregnant BMI (kg/m2)a 19.7 (17.8, 22.4) 20.8 (19.3, 22.9)
 Pre-pregnant height (cm) 151.4 (5.4) 161.0 (5.5)
 Primiparous 489 (31) 26 (7)
Live singleton newborns
 N 1562   376  
 Birth weight (g) 2606 (400) 3035 (417)
 Birth length (cm) 47.6 (2.4) 49.8 (2.4)
 SGA (N(%)) 732 (47) 46 (12)
 Pre-term (N(%)) 205 (13) 33 (9)
Children at the time of DNA collection
 N 709b   298  
 N with adequate DNA sample 698   293  
 Age (y)a 5.8 (5.6, 6.0) 9.0 (8.6, 9.2)
 Weight (kg) 16.2 (2.5) 23.0 (3.2)
 Weight SD score (WHO/CDC) −1.7 (1.1) −1.4 (0.9)
 Height (cm) 109.6 (4.9) 127.7 (5.4)
 Height SD score (WHO/CDC) −1.0 (1.0) −0.7 (0.8)
 BMI (kg/m2) 13.4 (1.4) 14.1 (1.2)
 BMI SD score (WHO/CDC) −1.6 (1.1) −1.4 (1.0)
  1. Abbreviations: BMI body mass index, SGA small for gestational age, SD score: standard deviation score, WHO World Health Organization, CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  2. a Median (IQR); other figures shown are mean (SD), or N (%) where indicated
  3. b Data collection is ongoing in the Mumbai study; figure given is up to 28th February 2017