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Table 1 Univariable Logistic Regression Analysis Results for the association between explanatory variables and stunting

From: Prevalence and determinants of stunting in a conflict-ridden border region in Armenia - a cross-sectional study

Variable Name 6–24-months old children 25–72-months old children
OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Birth weight (kilograms) 0.47 [0.20–1.08] 0.61 [0.31–1.22]
Low birthweight (<2500 g) [Yes/No(Ref)] 2.06 [0.52–8.19] 1.88 [0.62–5.74]
Birth length (centimeters) 0.88 [0.76–1.02] 0.96 [0.80–1.15]
Body mass Index 1.31* [1.06, 1.62] 1.16* [1.01, 1.34]
Breastfeeding duration (months) 1.06 [0.98–1.15] 1.05* [1.00–1.10]
Child’s history of diarrhea [Yes/No(Ref)]a 3.21* [1.15–8.95] 1.42 [0.52–3.86]
Caregiver’s participation in community training programs [Yes/No(Ref)] 0.56 [0.12–2.60] 0.39 [0.12–1.32]
Child’s gender [male/female(ref)] 0.86 [0.35–2.14] 2.42* [1.1–5.31]
Child’s age (months) 1.10* [1.01–1.20] 0.99 [0.96–1.01]
Mother’s height (cm) 0.91* [0.84–0.99] 0.89** [0.84–0.96]
Anemia [Yes/No(Ref)] b 0.48 [0.18–1.29] 1.93 [0.75, 4.95]
Minimum dietary diversity [Yes or No(Ref)] c 0.45 [0.18–1.11] 0.78 [0.37–1.65]
Exclusive breastfeeding reported by mother [Yes/No(Ref)] d 1.13 [0.45–2.80] 0.89 [0.38–2.13]
Composite standardized SES score e 0.82 [0.52–1.29] 1.53 [0.85, 2.74]
Child’s history of iron medication intake [Yes/No(Ref)] 2.27 [0.43–12.01] 1.12 [0.25–5.01]
Child’s previous history of soil-transmitted helminth disease [Yes/No(Ref)] <0.001 [0–999.99] 0.94 [0.40–2.23]
Soil-transmitted helminth (lab analysis) 1.51 [0.46–5.0] 1.34 [0.61–2.91]
 Negative (ref) 1.00   1.00  
 Ascaris lumbricoides 2.27 [0.56, 9.23] 0.93 [0.27,3.26]
 Trichuris trichiura (whipworm) 0.85 [0.10, 7.24] 1.80 [0.73, 4.42]
 hookworms   <0.001 [0–999.99]
pinworms <0.001 [0–999.99] <0.001 [0–999.99]
Residence [urban/rural(Ref)] 1.14 [0.46–2.85] 1.51 [0.74–3.11]
Financial condition of the family compared to neighbors f
 Significantly below average (Ref) 1.00   1.00  
 Below average 0.83 [0.22, 3.14] 1.34 [0.31, 5.85]
 Average 0.42 [0.13, 2.41] 1.94 [0.56, 6.72]
 Above average 0.26 [0.03,2.46] 2.62 [0.49, 13.91]
 Significantly above average 0.45 [0.04, 4.5] 4.2 [0.62, 28.35]
Maternal Education
  > highschool (10 years) (Ref) 1.00   1.00  
  ≤ highschool (10 years) 1.22 [0.49, 3.01] 0.87 [0.42, 1.83]
  1. CI Confidence Interval, OR Odds Ratio, Ref Reference category
  2. aCaregivers answered to the following question:” Has your child ever had any episodes of prolonged recurrent diarrhea?”
  3. bPositive if the child had age and altitude adjusted anemia
  4. cPositive if children had consumed at least four of the seven food groups
  5. d Positive if the child had been exclusively breastfed during the first 6 months of his/her life
  6. e Socio-economic score as a composite of (a)mothers’ education; (b)Family income compared to their neighboring households; (c)whether the child has ever slept hungry because of food unavailability based on mothers’ answer to those questions
  7. fCaregivers were asked about the Financial condition of the family compared to neighboring households