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Table 3 Demographic and baseline characteristics of study participants overall and by age group stratified by place of residence

From: Prevalence and determinants of stunting in a conflict-ridden border region in Armenia - a cross-sectional study

    Child’s age
Categories Total (N = 604) Urban (N = 208) Rural (N = 396) p valuea
   6–24- month old 25–72 month old OR 6–24- month old 25–72 month old OR
Stunting, n (%)
 Positive 56 (9.32) 9 (14.28) 14 (9.67) 1.56 13 (12.75) 20 (6.87) 1.98 0.68
 Negative 545 (90.68) 54 (85.72) 131 (90.33) 89 (87.25) 271 (93.13)
Anemia, n (%)
 Positive 115 (19.07) 20 (31.75) 13 (8.97) 4.72*** 49 (47.57) 33 (11.30) 7.12*** 0.73
 Negative 488 (80.93) 43 (68.25) 132 (91.03) 54 (52.43) 259 (88.70)
Minimum Dietary Diversity, n (%)
 Positive 414 (68.54) 43 (68.25) 112 (77.24) 1.58 54 (52.43) 205 (69.97) 2.11** 0.50
 Negative 190 (31.46) 20 (31.75) 33 (22.76) 49 (47.57) 88(30.03)
Soil-transmitted helminth confirmed by Kato Katz method, n (%)
 Positive 130 (21.70) 3 (1.44) 26 (17.93) 0.22** 19 (18.81) 82 (28.28) 0.59 0.16
 Negative 469 (78.30) 60 (95.24) 119 (82.07) 82 (81.19) 208 (71.72)
Low Birthweight n (%) (Birthweight < 2500 g)
 Yes 45 (7.58) 3 (4.84) 7 (4.83) 1.00 10 (9.80) 25 (8.77) 1.13 0.88
 No 549 (92.42) 59 (95.16) 138 (95.17)   92 (90.20) 260 (91.23)   
  1. Abbreviations; OR Odds Ratio
  2. a p values for Breslow-Day test for Homogeneity of the Odds Ratios of different proportions between child age groups and selected variables stratified by place of residence (Urban vs. Rural)
  3. * p < 0.05
  4. ** P < 0.001
  5. *** P < 0.0001