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Table 4 Bivariable analysis of determinants of SAM on under five children at rural kebeles of Enebsie Sarmidr district, March, 2016, (N = 311)

From: Determinants of severe acute malnutrition among under five children in rural Enebsie Sarmidr District, East Gojjam Zone, North West Ethiopia, 2016

Variables SAM status COR (95%, CI) P-value
Cases n (%) Controls n (%)
Age 0–24 months 49(76.6%) 163(66%) 1.68 (0.89–3.17) 0.108
25–59 months 15(23.4%) 84(34%) 1  
Family size < 6 22(34.4%) 130(52.6%) 1  
≥6 42(65.6%) 117(47.4%) 0.47(0.26–0.87) 0.10
Family income < 1000 EBR 62(96.9%) 227(92%) 2.73(0.62–12.00) 0.183
≥1000 EBR 2(3.1%) 20(8%) 1  
Prelacteal feeding Yes 13(20.3%) 21(8.5%) 2.74(1.28–5.83) 0.009
No 51(79.7%) 226(91.5%) 1  
Exclusive BF Yes 50(78.1%) 239(96.8%) 1  
No 14(21.9%) 8((3.2%) 8.36(3.33–21.00) 0.001
BF initiation within one hr. after delivery Yes 45(70.3%) 225(91.1%) 1  
No 19(29.7%) 22(8.9%) 4.318(2.16–8-62) 0.001
Diarrhea in the preceding 2 weeks before developing SAM Yes 14(21.9%) 9(3.6%) 7.40(3.03–18.05) 0.001
No 50(78.1%) 238(96.4%) 1  
Febrile illness in the preceding 2 weeks before developing SAM Yes 13(20.3%) 20(8.1%) 2.89(1.351–6.19) 0.006
No 51(79.7%) 227(91.9%) 1  
Having ANC follow up Yes 56(87.5%) 240(97.2%) 1  
No 8(12.5%) 7(2.8%) 4.89(1.70–14.07) 0.003
Feeding status during pregnancy I ate least one extra mealing 37(57.8%) 225(91.1%) 1  
Did not increase or decreased mealing 27(42.2%) 22(8.9%) 7.46(3.851–14.46) 0.001
Birth interval <  2 years 24(37.5%) 52(21.1%) 2.25(1.24–4.06) 0.007
> = 2 years 40(62.5%) 195(78.9%) 1