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Table 5 Multivariable analysis of determinants of SAM among under five children at rural kebeles of Enebsie Sarmidr district, March, 2016, (N = 311)

From: Determinants of severe acute malnutrition among under five children in rural Enebsie Sarmidr District, East Gojjam Zone, North West Ethiopia, 2016

Variables Nutritional status AOR (95% CI) P-value
Cases n (%) Controls n (%)
Age Birth −24 months 49(76.6%) 163(66%) 2.637(1.1691–5.950) 0.019
25–59 months 15(23.4%) 84(34%) 1  
BF initiation within one hr. After delivery Yes 45(70.3%) 225(91.1%) 1  
No 19(29.7%) 22(8.9%) 4.257(1.740–10.416) 0.002
Exclusive breast feeing Yes 50(78.1%) 239(96.8%) 1  
No 14(21.9%) 8((3.2%) 5.812(1.798–18.781) 0.003
Febrile illness preceding 2 weeks before developing SAM Yes 13(20.3%) 20(8.1%) 2.870(1.133–7.628) 0.026
No 51(79.7%) 227(91.9%) 1  
Diarrhea preceding 2 weeks before developing SAM Yes 14(21.9%) 9(3.6%) 7.977(2.572–24.739) 0.001
No 50(78.1%) 238(96.4%) 1  
Feeding practice during pregnancy Increased at least one additional 37(57.8%) 225(91.1%) 1  
Remained as regular/decreased from the regular 27(42.8%) 22(8.9%) 8.151(3.696–17.976) 0.001
Birth interval <  2 years 24(37.5%) 52(21.1%) 3.337(1.547–7.199) 0.002
≥2 years 40(62.5%) 195(78.9%) 1