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Table 2 Prevalence of acute malnutrition, defined by WHZa, absolute MUACb and MUACAZc by four Somalian livelihoods

From: MUAC-for-age more useful than absolute MUAC for nutritional surveillance in Somalia: results from nineteen cross-sectional surveys (2007–2016)

   WHZ MUAC MUACAZ
Total subjects WHZ−2 WHZ−3 MUAC125 MUAC115 MUACAZ−2 MUACAZ−3
Livelihood n % 95% CI % 95% CI % 95% CI % 95% CI % 95% CI % 95% CI
Agro-pastoralist 42,132 16.3 (16.0–16.7) 3.9 (3.8–4.1) 9.6 (9.4–9.9) 1.8 (1.6–1.9) 19.3 (18.9–19.7) 4.2 (4.0–4.4)
Pastoralist 89,876 15.5 (15.2–15.7) 3.2 (3.1–3.4) 5.7 (5.5–5.8) 1.0 (0.9–1.1) 13.3 (13.1–13.6) 2.2 (2.1–2.3)
Riverine 26,603 16.0 (15.6–16.5) 3.9 (3.6–4.1) 8.9 (8.6–9.3) 1.7 (1.6–1.9) 18.2 (17.7–18.7) 3.5 (3.3–3.8)
IDPs 97,012 16.5 (16.3–16.7) 3.9 (3.8–4.0) 8.7 (8.5–8.9) 1.9 (1.8–2.0) 15.9 (15.7–16.1) 3.0 (2.9–3.1)
Total 255,623 16.1 (15.9–16.2) 3.7 (3.6–3.8) 7.8 (7.7–7.9) 1.5 (1.4–1.6) 15.8 (15.7–15.9) 3.0 (2.9–3.1)
  1. aGAM by WHZ defined as WHZ < −2 from the reference population (WHZ− 2) and SAM by WHZ defined as WHZ < −3 compared to the reference population (WHZ− 3)
  2. bGAM by MUAC defined as MUAC< 125 mm (MUAC125) and SAM by MUAC defined as MUAC< 115 mm (MUAC115)
  3. cGAM by MUACAZ defined as MUACZ<− 2 from the reference population (MUAC− 2) and SAM by MUACAZ defined as MUACAZ<− 3 compared to the reference population (MUACAZ− 3)