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Table 3 Factors associated with the diagnosis of acute malnutrition based on WHZ, MUAC and MUACAZ (N = 255,623)

From: MUAC-for-age more useful than absolute MUAC for nutritional surveillance in Somalia: results from nineteen cross-sectional surveys (2007–2016)

  WHZ MUAC MUACAZ
WHZ−2 WHZ−3 MUAC125 MUAC115 MUACAZ−2 MUACAZ−3
% n Adj.OR % n Adj.OR % n Adj.OR % n Adj.OR % n Adj.OR % n Adj.OR
Sex
 Male 18.2 23,649 Ref. 4.4 5694 Ref. 7.1 9150 Ref. 1.3 1743 Ref. 17.4 22,598 Ref. 3.5 4519 Ref.
 Female 13.8 17,391 0.72 (0.71–0.74) 2.9 3704 0.67 (0.64–0.70) 8.6 10,788 1.38 (1.34–1.42) 1.7 2196 1.49 (1.39–1.59) 14.1 17,770 0.82 (0.81–0.84) 2.5 3099 0.76 (0.73–0.80)
Age
  < 24 months 15.7 13,558 Ref. 4.3 3691 Ref. 16.2 13,951 Ref. 3.6 3081 Ref. 14.7 12,664 Ref. 3.3 2836 Ref.
  > =24 months 16.2 27,482 1.04 (1.02–1.07) 3.4 5707 0.78 (0.75–0.82) 3.5 5987 0.19 (0.18–0.20) 0.5 858 0.14 (0.13–0.15) 16.4 27,704 1.19 (1.16–1.22) 2.8 4782 0.91 (0.86–0.95)
Stunting
 No 15.7 31,993 Ref. 3.5 7110 Ref. 5.8 11,790 Ref. 1.0 2055 Ref. 12.7 25,779 Ref. 2.0 4078 Ref.
 Yes 17.3 9047 1.09 (1.06–1.12) 4.4 2288 1.20 (1.15–1.26) 15.6 8148 3.05 (2.96–3.15) 3.6 1884 3.57 (3.35–3.81) 27.8 14,589 2.64 (2.58–2.70) 6.8 3540 3.44 (3.29–3.61)
Total 16.1 41,040   3.7 9398   7.8 19,938   1.5 3939   15.8 40,368   3.0 7618