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Table 2 Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression analysis for assessing factor associated with maternal nutritional status in Rayitu District, June 2013

From: Determinants of malnutrition among pregnant and lactating women under humanitarian setting in Ethiopia

Variables Frequency (Percentage) Crude odd ratio P value Adjusted odd ratioa P-value
Malnourished (MUAC< 21 cm) Normal (MUAC ≥21 cm)
Attending antenatal care in the health facility
 Yes(ref) 139(66.19) 479(71.07) 1   1  
 No 71(33.81) 195(28.93) 1.25(0.90, 1.75) 0.179 1.83(1.10, 3.02) 0.019
In the last 3 months, which type of assistance you or any member of your household Received?
 None(ref) 2(1.19) 9(1.76) 1   1  
 Food only 155(92.26) 420(82.35) 1.66(0.35, 7.77) 0.519 2.64(0.31, 22.6) 0.374
 Cash only 2(1.19) 50(9.80) 0.18(0.02, 1.45) 0.107 0.42(0.03, 5.46) 0.507
 Food and cash alternatively 9(5.36) 31(6.08) 1.31(0.24, 7.17) 0.758 1.50(0.15, 14.9) 0.729
Did anyone in the family receive TSF food rations in the last 6 month?
 Yes(ref) 85(50.30) 149(28.93) 1   1  
 No 84(49.70) 366(71.07) 0.40(0.28, 0.57) < 0.001 0.38(0.23, 0.62) < 0.001
Annual income of the household
 Below the mean(< 8770) (ref)* 132(71.74) 382(60.83) 1   1  
 Above the mean(≥8770) 52(28.26) 246(39.17) 0.61(0.43, 0.87) 0.007 0.72(0.44, 1.19) 0.210
Did anyone in the family receive safety net food rations in the last 6 months?
 Yes(ref) 101(59.76) 354(68.74) 1   1  
 No 68(40.24) 161(31.26) 1.48(1.03, 2.12) 0.032 1.06(0.66, 1.69) 0.815
In the last 6 months, were you visited by a field worker who talked to you about child and mother health?
 Yes(ref) 93(44.29) 353(52.37) 1   1  
 No 117(55.71) 321(47.63) 1.38(1.01, 1.89) 0.041 1.09(0.69, 1.73) 0.716
Mothers Occupation
 Pastoralist(ref) 93(44.08) 191(28.17) 1   1  
 Farmer 17(8.06) 41(6.05) 0.85(0.46, 1.58) 0.610 0.66(0.27, 1.59) 0.357
 Housewife 101(47.87) 446(65.78) 0.46(0.33, 0.65) < 0.001 0.59(0.37, 0.95) 0.032
Age of Mothers/Caretakers
 15–20 yrs(ref) 40(18.78) 191(28.21) 1   1  
 21–25 yrs 71 (33.33) 179(26.44) 1.89(1.22, 2.93) 0.004 1.55(0.86, 2.78) 0.141
 26–30 yrs 67(31.46) 202(29.84) 1.58(1.02, 2.46) 0.040 1.44(0.80, 2.58) 0.228
 31–35 yrs 24(11.27) 68(10.04 1.68(0.95, 3.00) 0.076 1.99(0.94, 4.25) 0.072
 36–40 yrs 9(4.23) 33(4.87) 1.30(0.58, 2.93) 0.524 2.49(0.86, 7.22) 0.094
 41–45 yrs 2(0.94) 4(0.59) 2.39(0.42, 13.5) 0.325  
  1. aThe final model is adjusted for attending antenatal care in the health facility, type of assistance you or any member of the r household received, family receive TSF food rations in the last 6 month, annual income of the household, age of mothers/caretakers and anyone in the family receive safety net food rations in the last 6 months