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Table 7 Predictors of recovery time from severe acute malnutrition among children, Bahir Dar, Northwest Ethiopia; October, 2012 to April, 2016

From: Recovery time and associated factors of severe acute malnutrition among children in Bahir Dar city, Northwest Ethiopia: an institution based retrospective cohort study

Covariate   NO. at risk Cured (N, %) Crude HR (95% CI) P-value Adjusted HR (95% CI)
Cough Yes 205 101(49.3) 1 .007** 1.073(.799–1.442)
No 196 107(54.6) 1.455(1.106–1.912)
HIV Yes 21 9(42.9) 1 .013** 1.263(.615–2.594)
No 155 90(58.1) 2.355(1.198–4.628)
Malaria Yes 15 5(33.3) 1 .121* 1.184(.504–2.779)
No 382 202(52.9) 1.904(.844–4.298)
TB Yes 38 19(50.0) 1 .000** 1.540(.911–2.603)
No 360 187(51.9) 2.493(1.529–4.066)
Anemia Yes 260 125(60.1) 1 .000** 1
No 140 83(39.9) 1.713(1.292–2.272) 1.552(1.134–2.124)**
Fever > 39 °C Yes 45 18(40.0) 1 .015** 1.354(.810–2.262)
No 356 190(53.4) 1.821(1.121–2.958)
Plumpy nut Yes 218 180(82.6) 3.008 (2.019–4.482) .000** 2.063(1.356–3.139)**
No 183 28(15.3) 1 1
Fail to start to lose edema on day 4 Yes 17 6(35.3) 1 052* 1.112(.648–1.906)
No 69 40(57.2) 1.505(.997–2.272)
Edema still present on day 10 Yes 14 4(22.6) 1 .049** 1.201(.605–2.382)
No 72 42(57.2) 1.727(1.003–2.974)
Fail to enter phase 2 on day 10 Yes 129 20(15.5) 1 .000** 1
No 272 188(69.1) 4.216(2.647–6.714) 2.938(1.635–5.279)**
Failure to > 5 g/kg/d for 3 successive days Yes 145 28(19.3) 1 .000** 1.229(.771–1.959)
No 256 180(70.3) 2.716(1.823–4.047)
Average weight gain < 8 g/kg/day 53 9(17.0) 1 .025** 1
> 8 g/kg/day 348 199(57.2) 1.190(1.022–1.386) 1.200(1.014–1.422)**
  1. * Variables have p-value ≤0.2 from binary analysis
  2. ** Statistically significant (p-value <0.05) for both analyses