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Table 1 The household, mother, and child characteristics of the study population

From: Predictors of poor nutritional status among children aged 6–24 months in agricultural regions of Mali: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics Mopti Sikasso P Total
Household Characteristics
N     1764
Months of inadequate household food provisioning, %    0.001  
 0 month 28.6 70.1   50.7
 1–3 months 56.2 21.3   37.5
 4+ months 15.3 8.7   11.8
Household food insecurity access score categories, %    0.001  
 Secure Food access 12.5 33.2   23.6
 Mildly secure food access 8.7 7.5   8.1
 Moderately insecure food access 12.5 35.1   23.3
 Severely insecure food access 60.4 24.1   41.0
Household dietary diversity score, median (25th–75th percentiles) 4.8 (4.6–4.9) 5.0 (4.9–5.1) 0.001 4.9 (4.8–5.0)
Household amenities score, median (25th–75th percentiles) 0.47 (0.44–0.49) 0.54 (0.51–0.57) 0.001 0.50 (0.48–0.52)
Educational level of the father, %    0.001  
 None 82.8 68.0   74.9
 Literate 5.0 15.5   10.6
 Primary or more 7.2 13.1   10.4
 Other 5.0 3.3   4.1
Fence around the household, % 71.5 33.8 0.001 51.4
The household own livestock, % 37.8 32.9 0.04 35.2
The household owns a toilet facility, % 77.2 87.6 0.001 82.7
Trash dump/bin outside the household, % 77.2 87.6 0.001 82.7
Mothers’ Characteristics
N     1764
Mean age (95% CI), years 27.2 (26.7–27.6) 27.6 (27.1–28.0)   27.3 (27.1–27.8)
Age classes, %    0.60  
  < 24 35.8 36.9   36.4
 25–34 46.6 44.2   45.3
 35+ 17.6 18.9   18.3
Occupation, %    0.001  
 Housewife 85.7 61.9   72.8
 Farmer 12.1 32.6   23.2
 Other 2.2 5.5   4.0
Educational level, %    0.001  
 None 93.4 81.4   86.9
 Literate 5.6 17.3   12.0
 Primary or more 1.0 1.3   1.1
Number of children alive, %    0.10  
 1–2 35.5 36.0   33.9
 3–4 31.4 31.2   31.3
 5+ 37.1 32.8   34.8
Vegetable intakes, days per week, %    0.001  
  < 1 13.3 7.7   10.3
 1–3 63.6 54.9   58.9
 4+ 23.1 37.3   30.8
Children’ Characteristics
N     1815
Mean age (95% CI), months 13.9 (13.6–14.3) 14.7 (14.3–15.0) 0.004 14.3 (14.1–14.6)
Age group (months), %    0.05  
 6–11 36.2 33.2   34.6
 12–17 36.7 34.2   35.3
 18–24 27.1 32.6   30.1
Sex of child, %    0.46  
 Boy 52.0 53.8   53.0
 Girl 48.0 46.2   47.0
Child born at term, %    0.001  
  < 37 weeks 14.8 2.1   7.9
  ≥ 37 weeks 85.2 97.9   92.1
The child is still breastfed, % 90.2 87.0 0.04 88.5
Deworming therapy during the last 6 months, % 66.0 59.7 0.001 62.6
Diarrhea during the past 2 weeks, % 47.3 34.2 0.001 40.2
Fever during the last 2 weeks, % 53.1 44.5 0.001 48.5
Coughing during the last 2 weeks 35.3 28.7 0.001 31.7
IDDS class    0.71  
 0–4 96.4 96.7   96.6
 4+ 3.6 3.3   3.4
  1. The significance level was set at 0.05 for all the tests
  2. IDDS Individual dietary diversity score