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Table 2 The bivariate associations between the household characteristics and the child’s nutritional status

From: Predictors of poor nutritional status among children aged 6–24 months in agricultural regions of Mali: a cross-sectional study

Household Characteristics Underweight (%) WAZWHO Stunted (%) HAZWHO Wasted (%) WHZWHO Wasted (%) MUAC < 115 cm
N 1815 1815 1815 1815
Months of inadequate household food provision
 0 months 22.6 28.4 13.8 16.3
 1–3 months 23.0 26.7 13.6 14.0
 4+ months 31.5 32.4 17.1 26.2
P trend 0.03 0.29 0.42 0.002
Household food insecurity score categories
 Secure Food access 20.3 27.0 14.0 18.7
 Mildly secure food access 22.9 25.8 13.3 19.3
 Moderately insecure food access 27.2 30.9 13.8 13.5
 Severely insecure food access 23.7 27.7 14.5 17.0
P trend 0.16 0.45 0.80 0.16
Household dietary diversity score tertiles
 First 26.6 31.3 15.7 18.4
 Second 21.5 26.8 14.8 15.6
 Third 22.3 25.8 12.1 14.6
P trend 0.06 0.03 0.07 0.07
Household amenities score
 First quartile 27.0 34.8 14.3 19.5
 Second quartile 25.2 27.4 13.1 16.0
 Third quartile 21.5 26.7 14.9 15.6
 Forth quartile 21.2 23.6 14.2 15.1
P trend 0.024 0.001 0.84 0.28
Educational level of the father
 None 24.2 28.0 15.1 17.0
 Literate 23.2 25.0 9.9 14.1
 Primary or more 22.9 32.0 11.0 14.8
 Other 21.2 29.9 13.8 21.5
P trend 0.52 0.54 0.19 0.51
Fence around the household
 Yes 21.3 27.3 13.6 17.3
 No 26.5 29.2 14.7 15.9
P 0.01 0.39 0.51 0.40
The household owns livestock
 Yes 20.7 29.2 10.8 15.2
 No 25.5 27.6 15.9 17.4
P 0.03 0.49 0.003 0.24
The household owns a toilet facility
 Yes 23.8 28.4 14.4 17.0
 No 23.7 27.6 12.8 15.0
P 0.97 0.78 0.46 0.39
Garbage in a trash dump outside the household
 Yes 16.7 26.0 8.0 18.6
 No 24.4 28.4 14.6 16.5
P 0.058 0.58 0.04 0.54
Region
 Sikasso 25.4 31.5 12.3 17.0
 Mopti 22.1 24.7 16.7 15.9
P 0.10 0.001 0.001 0.53
  1. Data are the prevalence of each nutritional status according to the households’ characteristics classes
  2. The significance level was set at 0.05 for all the tests