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Table 1 Number of included surveys, children and prevalence of wasting by country and region, 2001–2016

From: Concordance between the estimates of wasting measured by weight-for-height and by mid-upper arm circumference for classification of severity of nutrition crisis: analysis of population-representative surveys from humanitarian settings

  Number of surveys Number of children Prevalence of wasting by WHZ Median (IQR) Prevalence of wasting by MUAC Median (IQR)
Latin America and the Caribbean 16 11,808 3.95% (2.87–4.46) 2.99% (2.17–4.35)
 Bolivia 1 884 1.28% 0.35%
 Guatemala 2 1432 2.10% (0.39–3.80) 3.83% (0.20–7.46)
 Haiti 13 9492 4.27% (3.81–4.55) 3.00% (2.77–4.15)
Eastern and Southern Africa 190 128,404 9.15% (5.76–17.88) 4.66% (2.91–7.49)
 Angola 1 870 5.77% 4.53%
 Botswana 1 215 3.66% 0.61%
 Burundi 7 3493 5.76% (4.23–7.08) 3.03% (2.08–9.33)
 Eritrea 2 859 20.22% (18.89–21.55) 4.31% (4.02–4.60)
 Ethiopia 59 29,554 16.93% (8.94–21.77) 4.95% (3.59–8.50)
 Kenya 46 30,173 10.92% (7.88–15.73) 3.74% (2.66–5.28)
 Madagascar 1 635 7.47% 6.45%
 Mozambique 1 406 3.26% 3.26%
 Rwanda 13 4694 4.74% (3.85–5.97) 1.98% (1.82–3.11)
 Somalia 3 2688 15.85% (15.10–37.79) 5.70% (2.22–25.35)
 South Sudan 17 15,518 11.4% (8.19–22.15) 7.55% (6.17–9.84)
 Tanzania 5 2487 1.90% (1.54–2.61) 1.18% (0.74–3.33)
 Uganda 32 36,022 4.93% (3.76–8.92) 6.78% (4.34–9.08)
 Zambia 2 790 4.40% (4.38–4.42) 6.38% (2.35–10.40)
Democratic Republic of Congo 130 118,871 7.40% (4.36–10.46) 7.97% (5.36–12.51)
West and Central Africa 146 90,857 9.60% (6.31–14.99) 5.89% (3.00–9.69)
 Burkina Faso 11 5593 12.41% (6.21–14.99) 6.11% (2.51–8.78)
 Cameroon 12 5614 9.24% (7.33–12.28) 6.86% (4.65–7.92)
 Central African Republic 8 6357 5.75% (5.40–6.63) 8.02% (6.78–9.04)
 Chad 67 39,428 9.66% (6.34–18.89) 3.76% (2.06–11.09)
 Guinea 5 4054 6.01% (5.16–7.81) 3.67% (2.88–4.80)
 Liberia 9 4518 3.57% (3.13–4.39) 4.00% (1.98–5.43)
 Mali 8 6342 10.74% (9.20–16.41) 6.29% (5.71–7.33)
 Mauritania 6 3693 12.61% (8.77–14.81) 5.36% (4.14–7.90)
 Niger 14 9825 13.08% (11.07–15.95) 8.58% (6.53–13.32)
 Sierra Leone 6 5433 7.01% (6.15–7.13) 9.89% (5.88–10.67)
South East Asia and Pacific 87 63,411 11.95% (7.36–17.20) 8.00% (4.54–13.28)
 Afghanistan 24 21,220 8.57% (5.90–11.41) 9.06% (6.46–14.38)
 Bangladesh 22 11,373 12.69% (9.70–14.25) 5.35% (4.28–6.74)
 India 1 465 20.58% 10.07%
 Myanmar 13 9993 18.26% (5.48–20.75) 11.64% (9.66–15.05)
 Nepal 9 5946 14.31% (12.50–19.58) 10.55% (6.49–15.32)
 Pakistan 13 10,887 18.45% (11.40–19.55) 9.76% (6.92–14.79)
 Philippines 4 2630 6.06% (4.77–8.64) 1.21% (0.88–1.42)
 Tajikistan 1 897 9.81% 16.01%
Sudan 150 130,735 18.96% (14.06–23.82) 10.21% (7.05–14.26)
Middle East North Africa 14 5602 6.69% (2.28–12.02) 3.46% (1.23–5.75)
 Djibouti 6 2190 11.42% (10.39–13.84) 5.20% (3.78–7.27)
 Iraq 1 575 2.28% 3.14%
 Jordan 4 1610 1.18% (0.88–2.04) 1.01% (0.69–1.15)
 Yemen 3 1227 5.59% (3.61–17.17) 4.14% (2.38–6.53)
All Surveys 733 549,688 10.47% (6.34–17.55) 6.66% (4.12–10.88)