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Table 7 Associated factors of stunting among preschool children from food insecure households of Albuko district, northeast Ethiopia, 2017 (n = 512)

From: Prevalence of stunting and associated factors among preschool children: A community based comparative cross sectional study in Ethiopia

Characteristics Stunting COR (95%) AOR (95%)
Yes (%) No (%)
Mother education
 Uneducated 160 (53.6) 139 (46.4) 3.80 (1.81-7.99) 3.08 (1.40-6.76) **
 Primary 49 (28.9) 121 (71.1) 1.34 (0.61-2.92) 0.97 (0.42-2.22)
 Secondary and above 10 (23.3) 33 (76.7) 1 1
Family size
 <4 50 (26.1) 142 (73.9) 1 1
>4 169 (52.8) 151 (47.2) 3.18 (2.15-4.69) 3.64 (2.37-5.58) ***
Extra food during pregnancy/lactation
 Yes 72 (35.8) 129 (64.2) 1 1
 No 147 (47.3) 164 (52.7) 1.61 (1.12-2.31) 1.71 (1.14-2.58) **
Child sex
 Female 99 (36.3) 174 (63.7) 1 1
 Male 120 (50.2) 119 (49.8) 1.77 (1.24-2.53) 1.73 (1.17-2.58) **
Child age
 24-35 119 (51.8) 111 (48.2) 2.26 (1.41-3.61) 2.37 (1.41-3.99) ***
 36-47 63 (37.7) 104 (62.3) 1.28 (0.77-2.11) 1.47 (0.84-2.58)
 49-59 37 (32.2) 78 (67.8) 1 1
Dietary diversity score
 <4 food groups 180 (46.3) 209 (53.7) 1.86 (1.21-2.85) 1.92 (1.20-3.09) **
>4 food groups 39 (31.8) 84 (68.2) 1 1
Meal frequency/day
 <4 times 132 (46.7) 151 (53.3) 1.43 (1.00-2.03) 1.18 (0.78-1.80)
>4 times 87 (38) 142 (62) 1 1
  1. Hosmer-Lemeshow test p value=0.37
  2. Dietary diversity score: the sum total of food groups consumed by an individual in the past 24 hours
  3. (1.00=Reference ***=p<0.001 ** =p<0.01 *= p<0.05)