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Table 8 Associated factors of stunting among preschool children from FSHHs and FIHHs of Albuko district, northeast Ethiopia, 2017 (n=1039)

From: Prevalence of stunting and associated factors among preschool children: A community based comparative cross sectional study in Ethiopia

Characteristics Stunting COR (95%) AOR (95%)
Yes (%) No (%)
Mother education
 Uneducated 289 (46.3) 336 (53.7) 3.78 (2.21-6.45) 4.38 (2.51-7.66) ***
 Primary 101 (31.9) 216 (68.1) 2.05 (1.17-3.61) 2.11 (1.17-3.79) *
 Secondary and above 18 (18.6) 79 (81.4) 1 1
 HHFS status
  Secure 219 (40.3) 324 (59.7) 1 1
  Insecure 189 (38.1) 307 (61.9) 1.10 (0.86-1.41) 1.09 (0.84-1.44)
Family size
 <4 115 (23.8) 368 (76.2) 1 1
>4 293 (52.7) 263 (47.3) 3.565 (2.73-4.66) 3.47 (2.62-4.60) ***
Extra food during pregnancy/lactation
 Yes 198 (47) 224 (53) 1 1
 No 210 (34.1) 407 (65.9) 1.71 (1.33-2.21) 1.44 (1.09-1.90) **
Child sex
 Female 193 (33.4) 385 (66.6) 1 1
 Male 215 (46.7) 246 (53.3) 1.74 (1.36-2.24) 1.71 (1.30-2.24) ***
Child age
 24-35 192 (42.6) 259 (57.4) 1.39 (1.00-1.93) 1.33 (0.93-1.91)
 36-47 136 (38) 222 (62) 1.15 (0.81-1.62) 1.151 (0.79-1.68)
 48-59 80 (34.8) 150 (65.2) 1 1
Dietary diversity
 <4 food groups 313 (41.4) 444 (58.6) 1.39 (1.04-1.85) 1.34 (0.98-1.83)
>4 food groups 95 (33.7) 187 (66.3) 1 1
Meal frequency/day
 <4 times 202 (43.9) 259 (56.1) 1.41 (1.10-1.81) 1.03 (0.77-1.38)
>4 times 206 (35.6) 372 (64.4) 1 1
Time spent to water
 <30 minutes 266 (37.6) 443 (62.4) 1 1
>30 minutes 142 (43.1) 188 (56.9) 1.26 (0.96-1.64) 1.23 (0.92-1.64)
  1. Hosmer-Lemeshow test p value=0.55
  2. HHFS; Household Food Security status
  3. Time spent to water: the time it takes to reach to water source (for a single trip)
  4. (1.00=Reference ***=p<0.001 ** =p<0.01 *= p<0.05)