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Table 8 Associated factors of stunting among preschool children from FSHHs and FIHHs of Albuko district, northeast Ethiopia, 2017 (n=1039)

From: Prevalence of stunting and associated factors among preschool children: A community based comparative cross sectional study in Ethiopia

Characteristics

Stunting

COR (95%)

AOR (95%)

Yes (%)

No (%)

Mother education

 Uneducated

289 (46.3)

336 (53.7)

3.78 (2.21-6.45)

4.38 (2.51-7.66) ***

 Primary

101 (31.9)

216 (68.1)

2.05 (1.17-3.61)

2.11 (1.17-3.79) *

 Secondary and above

18 (18.6)

79 (81.4)

1

1

 HHFS status

  Secure

219 (40.3)

324 (59.7)

1

1

  Insecure

189 (38.1)

307 (61.9)

1.10 (0.86-1.41)

1.09 (0.84-1.44)

Family size

 <4

115 (23.8)

368 (76.2)

1

1

>4

293 (52.7)

263 (47.3)

3.565 (2.73-4.66)

3.47 (2.62-4.60) ***

Extra food during pregnancy/lactation

 Yes

198 (47)

224 (53)

1

1

 No

210 (34.1)

407 (65.9)

1.71 (1.33-2.21)

1.44 (1.09-1.90) **

Child sex

 Female

193 (33.4)

385 (66.6)

1

1

 Male

215 (46.7)

246 (53.3)

1.74 (1.36-2.24)

1.71 (1.30-2.24) ***

Child age

 24-35

192 (42.6)

259 (57.4)

1.39 (1.00-1.93)

1.33 (0.93-1.91)

 36-47

136 (38)

222 (62)

1.15 (0.81-1.62)

1.151 (0.79-1.68)

 48-59

80 (34.8)

150 (65.2)

1

1

Dietary diversity

 <4 food groups

313 (41.4)

444 (58.6)

1.39 (1.04-1.85)

1.34 (0.98-1.83)

>4 food groups

95 (33.7)

187 (66.3)

1

1

Meal frequency/day

 <4 times

202 (43.9)

259 (56.1)

1.41 (1.10-1.81)

1.03 (0.77-1.38)

>4 times

206 (35.6)

372 (64.4)

1

1

Time spent to water

 <30 minutes

266 (37.6)

443 (62.4)

1

1

>30 minutes

142 (43.1)

188 (56.9)

1.26 (0.96-1.64)

1.23 (0.92-1.64)

  1. Hosmer-Lemeshow test p value=0.55
  2. HHFS; Household Food Security status
  3. Time spent to water: the time it takes to reach to water source (for a single trip)
  4. (1.00=Reference ***=p<0.001 ** =p<0.01 *= p<0.05)