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Table 3 Multivariable logistic regression for body composition and Vitamin D Status (≤30 ng/mL) among study participants*

From: Vitamin D status and body composition: a cross-sectional study among employees at a private university in Lebanon

Characteristic Odds Ratio (OR) 95% C.I P value
Lower Upper
Percent Body Fat 1.077 1.012 1.145 0.019
BMI1 (kg/m2) 0.969 0.881 1.066 0.521
Age 0.976 0.950 1.004 0.092
Gender 0.568 0.227 1.419 0.226
Education
 Bachelor degree * High School 1.007 0.455 2.229 0.986
 Graduate * High School 1.059 0.523 2.145 0.874
Sunscreen Use 0.827 0.415 1.651 0.591
Chronic Disease 1.478 0.799 2.735 0.213
Vitamin D intake (μg) 0.837 0.746 0.941 0.003
Sun Exposure
 16–60 min * ≤15 mins 1.271 0.670 2.413 0.463
  > 60 mins * ≤15 mins 0.485 0.258 0.912 0.025
Use of OCP2 0.346 0.019 6.154 0.470
Vitamin D supplements 0.084 0.042 0.169 0.000
  1. *The National Osteoporosis Foundation cutoffs were used to define vitamin D status (Sufficient: 25hydroxyvitamin D > 30 ng/mL and Insufficient: 25 hydroxyvitamin D ≤ 30 ng/mL)
  2. 1Body Mass Index
  3. 2Oral Contraceptive Pills