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Table 4 Multivariable logistic regression for body composition and Vitamin D status (< 20 ng/mL) among study participants*

From: Vitamin D status and body composition: a cross-sectional study among employees at a private university in Lebanon

Characteristic Odds Ratio (OR) 95% C.I P value
Lower Upper
Percent Body Fat 1.062 0.999 1.130 0.054
BMI1 (kg/m2) 0.935 0.854 1.024 0.148
Age 0.972 0.944 1.000 0.049
Gender 0.466 0.188 1.157 0.1
Education
 Bachelor degree * High School 0.951 0.442 2.045 0.897
 Graduate * High School 1.113 0.559 2.214 0.761
Sunscreen Use 0.578 0.286 1.167 0.126
Chronic Disease 1.036 0.552 1.941 0.913
Vitamin D Intake (μg) 0.829 0.717 0.958 0.011
Sun Exposure
 16–60 min * ≤ 15 mins 0.914 0.492 1.698 0.776
  > 60 mins * ≤ 15 mins 0.747 0.396 1.412 0.370
Use of OCP2 2.140 0.122 37.443 0.602
Vitamin D Supplements 0.131 0.052 0.333 0.000
Alcohol Intake 0.422 0.222 0.801 0.008
Hypertriglyceridemia3 2.189 1.153 4.157 0.017
  1. *The Institute of Medicine cutoffs were used to define vitamin D status (Adequate: 25hydroxyvitamin D ≥ 20 ng/mL and Inadequate: 25 hydroxyvitamin D < 20 ng/mL)
  2. 1Body Mass Index
  3. 2Oral Contraceptive Pills
  4. 3 ≥ 150 mg/dL [48]