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Table 2 Nutritional status and dietary diversity of non- orphan and orphan children

From: Nutritional status and dietary diversity of orphan and non – orphan children under five years: a comparative study in the Brong Ahafo region of Ghana

Item Frequency(%)/ mean ± SD
Non- orphan Orphan All
Z- scores
 Mean height-for age-z-score (HAZ) −1.05 ± 0.86 −0.97 ± 1.01 −1.01 ± 0.94
 Mean weight-for-height-z-score (WHZ) −0.86 ± 0.59 −0.76 ± 0.82 −0.81 ± 0.72
 Mean weight-for-age-z-score (WAZ) −1.20 ± 0.61 −1.06 ± 0.81 −1.13 ± 0.72
Prevalence of undernutrition
 Stunting (HAZ < −2) 21 (17.1) 23 (18.7) 44 (17.9)
 Wasting (WHZ < −2) 6 (4.9) 7 (5.7) 13 (5.3)
 Underweight (WAZ < −2) 9 (7.3) 10 (8.1) 19 (7.3)
Food groups consumed
aGrains, roots and tubers 99 (95.2) 117 (100) 216 (97.7)
aLegumes and nuts 49 (47.1) 104 (88.9) 153 (69.2)
aDairy products; 28(26.9) 116 (99.1) 144 (65.2)
aFlesh foods (meats/fish/poultry) 89 (85.6) 114 (97.4) 203 (91.9)
aEggs 14 (13.5) 33 (28.2) 47 (21.3)
aVitamin A rich fruits and vegetables 85 (81.7) 115 (98.3) 200 (90.5)
aOther fruits and vegetables 91 (87.5) 112 (95.7) 203 (91.9)
Dietary diversity
aMean dietary diversity score (dds) 4.37 ± 1.3 6.1 ± 0.7 5.3 ± 1.4
aMinimum dietary diversity (mdd) 86 (82.7) 114 (97.4) 200 (90.5)
  1. aCalculated based on children aged 6–59 months (104 non- orphans and 117 orphans)