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Table 1 Baseline demographic, health and anthropometric characteristics of children in SAM outpatient centers, Niger

From: The role of dietary diversity in the response to treatment of uncomplicated severe acute malnutrition among children in Niger: a prospective study

Characteristic N (%) or Mean (SD) Low dietary diversity High dietary diversitya
N 2390 1676(70.1) 714(29.9)
Child characteristics
 Age**
  6–11 months 845 (35.6) 637(38.0) 208(29.1)
  12–23 months 1058 (44.3) 705(42.1) 353(49.4)
24–59 months 487 (20.4) 334(19.9) 153(21.4)
 Male sex* 1200 (50.1) 816(48.7) 384(53.8)
 Breastfeeding status*
  Exclusive breastfeeding 19 (0.8) 12(0.7) 7(1.0)
  Partial breastfeeding 1482 (62.0) 1074(64.1) 408(57.1)
  None 889 (37.2) 590(35.2) 299(41.9)
Child nutritional status
 Weight for length/height Z-score −3.1 (0.6) −3.1(0.6) − 3.1(0.6)
  N (%) < -3SD 1465 (61.3) 1031(61.5) 434(60.8)
 Height-for-Age Z-score
  Mean (SD) −3.0 (1.2) −3.0(1.2) − 3.0(1.2)
  Z-score below -2SD 1891 (79.1) 1329(79.3) 562(78.7)
 Mid upper arm circumference, mm
  Mean (SD) 112 (4.5) 112(4.5) 113(4.4)
  MUAC < 115 mm 1861(77.9) 1308(78.0) 553(77.5)
Clinical and medical history
 Vitamin A supplementation in last 6 months 2082 (89.6) 1451(89.1) 631(90.9)
 Measles vaccination* 1107 (46.8) 753(45.3) 354(50.4)
 Anemia (Haemoglobin less than < 8.5 g/dL) 690 (28.8) 478(28.5) 212(29.7)
 Fever (temperature > 38.5 degrees Celsius) 112 (4.7) 76(4.5) 36(5.0)
 Rapid diagnostic test positive for malaria* 1324 (55.4) 903(53.9) 421(59.0)
 Diarrhoea in the last 24 h 757 (31.7) 530(31.6) 227(31.8)
 Vomiting in last 24 h 138 (5.8) 98(5.9) 40(5.6)
 Cough in last 24 h 387 (16.2) 277(16.5) 110(15.4)
Household Characteristics
 Household size 7.3 (3.8) 7.1(3.8) 7.4(3.9)
 Children < 5 y 1.9 (1.2) 1.9(1.2) 2.0(1.3)
 Maternal age, years 26.9 (6.6) 26.9(6.6) 26.9(6.7)
 Maternal education < complete primary school* 2334 (97.9) 1639(98.0) 695 (97.6)
 Paternal education < complete primary school* 2191 (94.5) 1545(95.3) 646(92.3)
Household Socio-economic status
 Main source of energy for cooking is wood or charcoal 2389(100) 1675(100) 714(100)
 Main source of household sanitation is bucket or bush** 1517 (63.5) 1117(66.7) 400(56.0)
Household food security score (HFIAS)b
 Lean season (May–August) 6.5 (5.9) 7.4(6.0) 4.0(4.9)
 Not lean season (September to April) 5.8 (5.6) 6.4(5.7) 4.6(5.2)
  1. *Significant at 0.05 level; **significant at < 0.001 level
  2. aHigh dietary diversity was defined intake of ≥4 foods groups
  3. bHFIAS score based on sum of score from 8 questions [34]. Maximum score is 24