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Table 2 Mean consumption of food groups and DD by season for children with SAM

From: The role of dietary diversity in the response to treatment of uncomplicated severe acute malnutrition among children in Niger: a prospective study

  Lean season
(May–August)
N = 959
Non-lean season
(September–April)
N = 1418
Food group Foods Included N (%)
Ever in last 7 days
Mean (SD)
days in last 7 days
N (%)
Ever in last 7 days
Mean (SD) days in last 7 days
Cereal, roots &tubers Millet, rice, sorghum, maize, cassava 949(99.0)* 6.7(±1.0) 1415(99.8) 6.7(±0.9)
Legumes Cowpea, pea, lentils, peanuts, other nuts 563(58.7)** 3.4(± 2.0)* 1019(71.9) 3.7(±2.0)
Dairy Milk, yogurt, cheese, other dairy products 286(29.8) 3.7(±2.2) 373(26.3) 3.8(2.3)
Flesh foods Meat, poultry, fish 427(44.5)** 2.5(±1.6) 772(54.4) 2.6(±1.7)
Eggs Eggs 203(21.2) 2.4(±1.6) 269(19.0) 2.1(±1.4)
Vitamin A rich fruits & vegetables Pumpkin, carrots, sweet potato, dark green leaves, mango or papaya ripe 897(93.5)* 6.3(±2.6) 1356(95.6) 6.2(±2.3)
Other fruits &vegetables Other vegetables (tomato, onion, cucumber, zucchini, eggplant, cabbage, okra), other fruits (banana, guava, wate0rmelon) 449(46.8)** 4.1(±2.3)* 792(55.9) 4.4(±2.2)
Fats &oils Oil, butterfat, coconut milk, butter 600(62.6)** 4.4(±2.2) 1058(74.6) 4.3(±2.1)
Dietary diversity score Sum of 8 food groups   2.7 (1.1)*   2.9 (1.0)
  1. *Significant at 0.05 level; **significant at< 0.001
  2. Counts and means evaluated for significant difference between groups using chi-square and t-test, respectively. Consumption of food groups is calculated among children reported to consume the food group