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Table 4 Food groups consumed by rate of weight and height gain among recovered children (N = 1538)

From: The role of dietary diversity in the response to treatment of uncomplicated severe acute malnutrition among children in Niger: a prospective study

  Mean weight gain (g/kg/day) Mean height gain (mm/day)
1 week 2 week Discharge 12 weeks 12 weeks
Food group Mean Adj.
(95% CI)
Mean Adj.
(95% CI)
Mean Adj.
(95% CI)
Mean Adj.
(95% CI)
Mean Adj.
(95% CI)
Cereals, roots and tubers 9.38 −0.07
(−0.47, 0.33)
6.51 − 0.05
(− 0.26, 0.17)
4.32 0.05
(− 0.09, 0.19)
2.01 − 0.04
(− 0.10, 0.02)
4.96 0.10
(− 0.12, 0.32)
Meats 9.56 − 0.13
(− 0.43, 0.17)
4.81 0.15
(− 0.07,0.37)
4.62 0.03
(− 0.08, 0.14)
1.82 0.04
(− 0.01, 0.08)
6.86 − 0.29
(− 0.29, 0.04)
Legumes 8.20 0.02
(− 0.18, 0.22)
5.89 − 0.07
(− 0.22, 0.08)
3.61 0.16
(0.03, 0.30)*
1.73 0.02
(− 0.01, 0.05)
5.42 − 0.05
(− 0.17, 0.07)
Dairy 11.56 − 0.17
(− 0.51, 0.17)
6.58 −0.13
(− 0.29, 0.04)
4.88 −0.02
(− 0.14, 0.08)
1.65 −0.03
(− 0.08, 0.01)
6.36 −0.31
(− 0.65, 0.03)
Eggs 7.28 −0.02
(− 0.57, 0.54)
4.55 −0.13
(− 0.41, 0.16)
4.01 0.07
(− 0.13, 0.26)
1.43 0.00
(− 0.09, 0.09)
4.17 −0.15
(− 0.45, 0.15)
Vitamin A rich fruits and vegetables 8.67 0.02
(−0.13, 0.18)
5.99 0.00
(−0.08, 0.09)
4.40 0.03
(−0.03, 0.08)
1.45 0.06
(0.01, 0.11)*
5.61 0.05
(−0.04, 0.13)
Other fruits and vegetables 7.14 −0.05
(− 0.27, 0.17)
4.72 − 0.06
(− 0.18, 0.05)
3.87 −0.00
(− 0.08, 0.07)
1.71 0.03
(− 0.05, 0.10)
5.58 −0.03
(− 0.15, 0.09)
Fat and oils 8.54 −0.12
(− 0.32, 0.08)
5.53 −0.03
(− 0.13, 0.07)
4.21 −0.02
(− 0.09, 0.05)
1.60 0.01
(− 0.02, 0.04)
6.18 −0.05
(− 0.16, 0.05)
Diet diversity score 8.41 0.15
(−0.21, 0.51)
6.52 −0.13 (− 0.40, 0.14) 4.31 0.12
(− 0.01, 0.25)
1.64 0.03
(− 0.02, 0.09)
5.59 0.03
(− 0.17, 0.23)
  1. Abbreviations: CI confidence interval, Adj Adjusted models; *Significant at 0.05 level
  2. Analysis excludes 22 children that were exclusively breastfed they were not expected to consume complementary foods. Analysis modeled using linear regression