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Table 5 Predictors of nutritional recovery among 2377 children treated for SAM in Niger

From: The role of dietary diversity in the response to treatment of uncomplicated severe acute malnutrition among children in Niger: a prospective study

Variable Univariate OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Child age
 6-11 months 0.51(0.41, 0.65) 0.93(0.24, 3.58)
 12–23 months 0.77(0.61, 0.98) 1.68(0.54, 5.17)
Wasting
 Moderate wasting (− 3.0 < =WHZ < − 2.0) 0.65(0.41, 1.01) 0.40(0.08, 2.01)
 Severe wasting (WHZ < − 3.0) 0.41(0.26, 0.63) 0.21(0.04, 1.03)
Number of children under 5 years 1.05(0.98, 1.12) 1.23(0.92, 1.64)
Maternal age 1.02(1.01, 1.04) 1.03(0.92, 1.08)
Lean season at time of enrolment 0.59(0.50, 0.70) 0.51(0.26, 1.01)
Household size 1.15(0.95, 1.40) 0.76(0.34, 1.72)
Sought health care for child in the last 30 days 1.57(1.07, 2.30) 2.29(1.18, 4.47)
Positive rapid malaria test 1.45(1.23, 1.72) 1.89(0.93, 3.84)
Anti-malarial medication received in previous 7 days 1.44(0.98, 2.12) 1.37(0.71, 2.62)
Antibiotic use prior to study 0.66(0.37, 1.17) 0.55(0.17, 1.78)
Runny nose 1.74(1.40, 2.15) 0.53(0.22, 1.28)
Respiratory rate 0.98(0.97, 1.00) 0.96(0.88, 1.05)
Cough 1.40(1.11, 1.77) 1.10(0.36, 3.36)
Child anemia (hemoglobin < 8.5 g/dL) 1.46(1.21, 1.77) 1.18(0.54, 2.60)
Currently breastfeeding 0.66(0.55, 0.79) 0.74(0.29, 1.86)
Drug regimen (Amoxicillin) 1.15(0.97, 1.36) 0.82(0.45, 1.51)
Male child 0.82(0.69, 0.97) 1.22(0.63, 2.35)
Consulting for child’s health 1.32(1.07, 1.63)
Child received Ready to use supplementary foods(RUSF) prior to study 1.42(1.06, 1.90) 1.17(0.41, 3.35)
  1. Abbreviations: CI confidence interval, OR odds ratio
  2. Analysis excludes 22 children that were exclusively breastfed. They were not expected to consume complementary foods. Analysis modeled using logistic regression