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Table 2 Nutrition education key messages organized by global themes, obtained through systematic observation of groups. São Paulo, Brazil, and Bogotá, Colombia, 2012

From: Promoting healthy eating in primary health care from the perspective of health professionals: a qualitative comparative study in the context of South America

Global themes Messages
São Paulo (n = 28) Bogotá (n = 13)
Feeding habits • Eat fruits, especially apples, once a day if possible
• Include the consumption of whole grains in your habits
• Eat fiber and drink a lot of water
• Reduce the amount of oil and sugar in recipes
• Come to the group to exchange recipes
• Hibiscus tea can bring health benefits
• Read food labels
• Watch for food hygiene at home
• Be aware of the size of portions in the food pyramid
• Eat slowly at mealtimes
• Clarify questions to improve feeding
• The street market can relate to the food groups
• Know the properties of fruits and vegetables
• Vary the preparations of fruits, vegetables, and legumes and share what you know
• Avoid falling ill with appropriate food handling practices at home
• You know more than me about food, but learn more
• Identify problems and solve them with what is available to you
• Get to know the food groups on the “train” to improve your eating habits
Life cycle • Watch your weight gain during pregnancy
• Weigh children
• Encourage chewing through to the consistency of porridge
• Avoid products with cow’s milk before their first birthday
• Look for healthy food options at lunch at school
• Try new ways of practical preparations for babies, they are easy and inexpensive
• Identify the characteristics of feeding in different age groups
• Learn about overweight and obesity in the elderly and avoid these conditions with a healthy diet and physical activity
Disease • Eat every 3 h and reduce the amount of food at lunch and dinner
• Confront your problem
• Use sucralose
• Incorporate weekly tasks through nutritional re-education
• The priority now is health, find time to do physical activities
• Maintain the goal; there is support here
“Being a multiplier”   • Reinforce your knowledge of food and nutrition; it is essential to advise mothers
• Include what is learned in their daily lives and replicate it in the nursery community
• Learn about the right to food to work with in the nursery community