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Table 5 Plasma Sodium, Potassium, Zinc and luteinizing hormone (LH) levels in control subjects and supplemental athletes. Different alphabets show that the values are significantly different while same alphabets show similar results

From: Effects of dietary supplements on selected hematological and biochemical parameters of Pakistani athletes

Group Sodium (mg/l) Potassium (mg/l) Zinc (mg/l) LH (mIU/ml
NA control (n = 57) 3102.60 ± 113.3b** 298.98 ± 26.4b** 0.69 ± 0.03 7.2 ± 0.77b*
NSA control (n = 40) 3136.08 ± 96.6b** 297.23 ± 21.7b** 0.88 ± 0.17 7.56 ± 1.25b*
SA-I (n = 28) 4010.49 ± 159.6a** 798.67 ± 46a** 0.69 ± 0.07 3.48 ± 0.86b*
SA-II (n = 25) 3236.93 ± 90.94b** 390.99 ± 15b** 0.56 ± 0.03 4.68 ± 1.07b*
  1. Values are expressed as Mean ± SEM. Different alphabets show that the values are significantly different while the same alphabets demonstrate that the values produce same result
  2. * = p < 0.05, ** = p < 0.001, *** = p < 0.0001
  3. aValue vs NA control, bValue vs NSA control