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Table 5 Association between knowledge of iron food sources with maternal dietary diversity practices during pregnancy in central Arsi, rural Ethiopia

From: Pregnant mothers have limited knowledge and poor dietary diversity practices, but favorable attitude towards nutritional recommendations in rural Ethiopia: evidence from community-based study

Iron food sources mentioned Dietary Diversity P-value
Non-diversified Number (%) Diversified Number (%)
Teff
 Yes 12 (9) 36 (19.9) 0.086
 No 121 (91) 145 (80.1)  
Wheat
 Yes 2 (1.5) 15 (8.3) 0.006*
 No 131 (98.5) 166 (93.7)  
Barely
 Yes 12 (9) 20 (11) 0.35
 No 121 (91) 161 (89)  
Vegetables
 Yes 27 (20.3) 40 (22.1) 0.405
 No 106 (79.7) 141 (77.9)  
Fish
 Yes 8 (6) 15 (8.3) 0.29
 No 125 (94) 166 (91.7)  
Meat
 Yes 12 (9) 21 (11.6) 0.29
 No 121 (91) 160 (88.4)  
Egg
 Yes 13 (9.8) 35 (19.3) 0.014*
 No 120 (90.2) 146 (80.7)  
Milk
 Yes 17 (12.8) 21 (11.6) 0.44
 No 116 (87.2) 160 (88.4)  
Fruits
 Yes 6 (4.5) 17 (9.4) 0.075
 No 127 (95.5) 164 (90.6)  
Salt
 Yes 2 (1.5) 2 (1.1) 0.565
 No 131 (85.5) 179 (89.9)  
Don't know any VA food source
 Yes 63 (48.5) 50 (28.1) 0.12
 No 67 (51.5) 128 (71.9)  
  1. *p < 0.05