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Table 2 Total energy intake and Physical activity level before the intervention daysa

From: The effects of whole milk compared to skim milk and apple juice consumption in breakfast on appetite and energy intake in obese children: a three-way randomized crossover clinical trial

  Boys Girls Total population
Skim milk Apple juice Whole milk P Skim milk Apple juice Whole milk P Skim milk Apple juice Whole milk P
Energy intake (Kcal/day)
 Crude 2073.04 ± 97.72 1782.45 ± 93.43 1740.45 ± 96.13 0.07 1686.36 ± 100.89 1766.12 ± 120.30 1659.49 ± 102.86 0.70 1879.70 ± 74.98 1774.29 ± 75.35 1699.97 ± 69.89 0.16
 Model Ib 2073.04 ± 98.78 1782.45 ± 97.03 1740.45 ± 97.53 0.98 1686.36 ± 103.22 1766.12 ± 125.65 1659.49 ± 106.97 0.71 1879.70 ± 76.46 1774.29 ± 76.90 1699.97 ± 70.47 0.74
 Model IIc 2073.04 ± 99.81 1782.45 ± 97.10 1740.45 ± 95.19 0.99 1686.36 ± 105.75 1766.12 ± 125.16 1659.49 ± 102.15 0.49 1879.70 ± 77.20 1774.29 ± 75.64 1699.97 ± 67.12 0.72
Physical activity (Met-min/day)
 Crude 1387.48 ± 87.50 1434.64 ± 99.19 1490.55 ± 68.24 0.62 1644.40 ± 73.05 1548.57 ± 68.43 1668.37 ± 79.60 0.16 1526.35 ± 59.52 1496.23 ± 58.60 1586.67 ± 54.56 0.31
 Model Ib 1387.48 ± 90.94 1434.64 ± 104.51 1490.55 ± 55.69 0.08 1644.40 ± 73.54 1548.57 ± 70.82 1668.37 ± 77.60 0.14 1526.35 ± 57.45 1496.23 ± 60.24 1586.67 ± 54.99 0.04
 Model IIc 1387.48 ± 94.35 1434.64 ± 108.08 1490.55 ± 52.52 0.08 1644.40 ± 72.27 1548.57 ± 67.11 1668.37 ± 79.13 0.14 1526.35 ± 57.46 1496.23 ± 60.57 1586.67 ± 55.80 0.05
  1. aValues are reported as mean ± standard error (SE). The generalized linear model (GLM) repeated measures procedure was done for all analyses
  2. bThe model was adjusted for age and body mass index (BMI). Gender was also considered as a between subjects factor in the analyses for total population
  3. cThe model was adjusted for age, body mass index (BMI) and the rolling method