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Table 3 Bivariate analysis of the clinical symptoms of the study participants (N = 235)

From: Prevalence and outcome of stress hyperglycaemia among severely malnourished children admitted to Mulago referral and teaching hospital in Kampala, Uganda

Clinical Characteristics Stress hyperglycemia (n = 39) No stress hyperglycemia (n = 196) Odds ratio (95% CI) p-value
Convulsion; n (%) 4 (10) 6 (3) 3.62 (1.0, 13.5) 0.042
Respiratory distress; n (%) 12 (31) 26 (13) 2.91 (1.3, 6.4) 0.007
Diarrhea; n (%) 30 (77) 106 (54) 2.90 (1.3, 6.3) 0.008
Oral sores; n (%) 18 (46) 39 (20) 3.45 (1.7, 7.1) 0.001
Dermatosis; n (%) 23 (59) 80 (41) 1.62 (1.2, 4.2) 0.039
Patient on oxygen; n (%) 7 (18) 14 (7) 2.84 (1.1, 7.6) 0.031
Malnutrition classification
SAM Non-edematous; n (%) 18 (46) 103 (53) 1  
SAM Edematous; n (%) 21 (54) 93 (47) 1.29 (0.6, 2.6) 0.465
Duration of 10% dextrose before blood drawn
  > 12 h but < 24 h n (%) 16 (70) 12 (92) 1  
  > 24 h; n (%) 7 (30) 1 (8) 0.19 (0.02, 1.7) 0.144