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Table 3 Predictors of Stunting using Backward Step Multiple Regression

From: Factors associated with stunting among children below five years of age in Zambia: evidence from the 2014 Zambia demographic and health survey

Characteristics Adjusted Odds Ratio (95%CI) Adjusted P-value
Sex of Child
 Male 1  
 Female 0.80 (0.73–0.88) < 0.001
Age of Mother (years)
 15–19 1  
 20–24 0.83 (0.69–1.00) 0.046
 25–29 0.74 (0.60–0.90) 0.002
 30–34 0.73 (0.60–0.89) 0.002
 35–39 0.65 (0.52–0.81) < 0.001
 40–44 0.65 (0.51–0.83) < 0.001
 45–49 0.61 (0.41–0.92) 0.018
Mother’s Level of Education
 No Education 1  
 Primary (grade 1–7) 0.93(0.79–1.10) 0.411
 Secondary (grade 8–12) 0.83 (0.69–1.00) 0.055
 Higher (college and university) 0.35 (0.22–0.54) < 0.001
Residence
 Urban 1  
 Rural 0.81 (0.70–0.95) 0.009
Wealth Index
 Poor 1  
 Middle 0.85(0.74–0.97) 0.013
 Rich 0.68(0.57–0.82) < 0.001
Source of Drinking Water
 Improved 1  
 Non-improved 1.13 (1.03–1.27) 0.016
Duration of Breastfeeding (months)
 0–6 1  
 7–12 0.66 (0.44–1.01) 0.054
 13–18 0.65 (0.44–0.97) 0.034
 19–47 0.69 (0.46–1.04) 0.075
 Never BF 0.96 (0.54–1.69) 0.883
 still BF 0.65 (0.42–0.99) 0.045
Child age (months)
 < 6 1  
 6–11 3.23(2.46–4.26) < 0.001
 13–23 6.77 (5.24–8.75) < 0.001
 24–35 7.08 (5.2–9.65) < 0.001
 36–47 5.18 (3.74–7.16) < 0.001
 48–59 3.76 (2.74–5.16) < 0.001