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Table 2 Bivariate analysis that shows independent variables of stunting among children in Damot Sore District, Southern Ethiopia, from March to April 2017

From: Stunting and anemia among children 6–23 months old in Damot Sore district, Southern Ethiopia

   Stunting status COR (95% C.I.) P
   Stunted Not stunted   
Characteristics Categories
Sex of the children Male 72 171 0.83(0.56–1.22) 0.33
  Female 79 155 1  
Age of mothers 15–24 years 35 49 1.41(0.86–2.33) 0.17*
  25-34 years 70 194 1.49(0.89–2.93) 0.13*
  35-49 years 46 83 1  
Age of the children 6–11 months 63 127 1.29(0.73–2.26) 0.38
  12–17 months 55 105 0.65(0.41–1.02) 0.06*
  18-23 months 33 94 1  
Educational status of mothers No formal education 94 213 0.87(0..59–1.31) 0.51
  Formal education 57 113 1  
Educational status of fathers No formal education 78 160 1.13(0.77–1.67) 0.53
  Formal education 71 165 1  
Mothers occupation Unemployed 149 310 3.84(0.87–16.94) 0.07*
  Government/private employee 2 16 1  
Fathers occupation Unemployed 145 309 1.76(0.57–5.39) 0.32
  Government/private employee 4 15 1  
Total number of family size within households Greater than 5 86 172 1.18(0.80–1.74) 0.39
  Less than or equal to 5 65 154 1  
Number of under five children within household More than one child 111 129 4.24(2.77–6.477) 0.001*
  One child 40 197 1  
Wealth Low 66 135 1.23(0.80–1.88) 0.34
  Middle 27 45 1.51(086–2.66) 0.15*
  High 58 146 1  
Introduction time of complementary feeding Earlier than 6 months 69 154 0.94(0.64–1.38) 0.75
  Just at 6 months 82 172 1  
Breast feeding practice of mothers No 38 75 1.14(0.72–1.79) 0.58
  Yes 102 229 1  
Source of drinking water Public and other sources 147 292 4.28(1.49–12.29) 0.04*
  Piped inside compound 4 34 1  
Toilet No facility/bush/field 1 11 0.19(0.02–1.49) 0.11*
  Have latrine 150 315 1  
Having Diarrhoea Yes 50 113 1.04(0.57–1.88) 0.89
  No 23 50 1  
Having Malaria Yes 7 14 1.08(0.43–2.74) 0.87
  No 144 312 1  
Dietary diversity score Poor 110 203 1.63(1.06–2.48) 0.02*
  Good 41 123 1  
Growth monitoring and promotion service utilization No 144 304 1.49(0.62–3.56) 0.37
  Yes 7 22 1  
Anemia Anemic 45 184 3.05(2.02–4.61) 0.001*
  Not anemic 106 326 1  
  1. *variables with p < 0.25