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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics for the adult Bissau-Guinean study population (n = 91) stratified by sex

From: Dietary intake in undernourished adults living in Guinea-Bissau; a cross-sectional study

  Total (n = 91) Men (n = 43) Women (n = 48)  
Characteristic n (%) n (%) n (%) p-valuea
Age, n (%)
 15–24 years 35 (38) 19 (44) 16 (33)  
 25–34 years 22 (24) 11 (26) 11 (23)  
 35–44 years 8 (9) 1 (2) 7 (15)  
 45–54 years 6 (7) 3 (7) 3 (6)  
 55- years 20 (22) 9 (21) 11 (23) 0.319
Ethnicity, n (%)
 Balanta 6 (7) 3 (7) 3 (6)  
 Fula 5 (6) 1 (2) 4 (9)  
 Mancanha 5 (6) 1 (2) 4 (9)  
 Mandinga 6 (7) 3 (7) 3 (6)  
 Manjaco 19 (21) 8 (19) 11 (24)  
 Pepel 36 (41) 19 (46) 17 (37)  
 Otherb 11 (12) 7 (17) 4 (9) 0.607
BMI, n (%)
  < 16.0 (kg/m2) 9 (10) 3 (7) 6 (13)  
 16.0–18.49 (kg/m2) 44 (48) 19 (44) 25 (52)  
 18.5–19.99 (kg/m2) 38 (42) 21 (49) 17 (35) 0.373
 Self-reported weight loss, n (%) 68 (75) 32 (74) 36 (75) 0.949
 Loss of appetite, n (%) 52 (57) 21 (49) 31 (65) 0.130
 Fatigue, n (%) 59 (65) 27 (63) 32 (67) 0.699
 Diarrhoea, n (%) 10 (11) 6 (14) 4 (8) 0.508
  mean (sd) mean (sd) mean (sd)  
Body weight (kg) 50.2 (7.0) 54.0 (5.9) 46.8 (6.1) < 0.001
MUACc (mm) 267 (29) 274 (28) 260 (29) 0.029
  1. n sample size, BMI body mass index, MUAC mid upper arm circumference
  2. ap-value for difference between men and women
  3. bOther ethnicities include smaller Bissau-Guinean and non-Bissau-Guinean groups. Three participants had missing data on ethnic status
  4. cSeven participants had missing data on MUAC