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Table 3 Top five single food items contributing to energy- and macronutrient intake divided by sex

From: Dietary intake in undernourished adults living in Guinea-Bissau; a cross-sectional study

Men (n = 43) Women (n = 48)
  % of mean EI Cumulative % of mean EI   % of mean EI Cumulative % of mean EI
Total energy Total energy
 1) White rice 40.4 40.4 1) White rice 38.8 38.8
 2) Breada 14.9 55.3 2) Breada 14.1 52.9
 3) Sugarb 9.0 64.3 3) Sugarb 7.8 60.7
 4) Powder milk 3.3 67.6 4) Powder milk 3.4 64.1
 5) Olive oil 3.2 70.8 5) Mango 2.9 67.0
Carbohydrate Carbohydrate
 1) White rice 54.6 54.6 1) White rice 54.8 54.8
 2) Breada 17.1 71.7 2) Breada 17.2 72.0
 3) Sugarb 12.1 83.8 3) Sugarb 11.6 83.6
 4) Spaghetti 3.8 87.6 4) Mango 4.0 87.6
 5) Onion 2.0 89.6 5) Powder milk 2.9 90.5
Protein Protein
 1) White rice 23.6 23.6 1) White rice 22.8 22.8
 2) Breada 15.7 39.3 2) Breada 13.5 36.3
 3) Bonga Shadc (Ethmalosa fimbriata) 10.9 50.2 3) Bonga Shadc (Ethmalosa fimbriata) 7.3 43.6
 4) Mulletc (Mugil spp.) 6.8 57.0 4) Beef 7.1 50.7
 5) Catfishc (Synodontis spp.) 4.9 61.9 5) Seabream Steenbrasc (Lithognathus aureti) 6.6 57.3
Fat Fat
 1) Olive oil 20.4 20.4 1) Olive oil 15.4 15.4
 2) Powder milk 8.1 28.5 2) Red palm oil 9.1 24.5
 3) Breada 7.4 35.9 3) Breada 6.5 31.0
 4) Butter spreadd 6.7 42.6 4) Beef 6.5 37.5
 5) Peanuts 6.1 48.7 5) Powder milk 6.4 43.9
  1. EI energy intake
  2. aWhite whey
  3. bSucrose
  4. cTypes of fish common in the West African diet
  5. dButter spread consists of butter mixed with canola oil