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Table 4 Factor associated with pre-lacteal feeding practices of mothers with infants aged less than 12 months in Debre Berhan district, April 2014. Presents candidate and predictor variables of prelacteal feeding practices of mothers. The results are presented with Cruds odds ratio, Adjusted odds ratio and 95% Confidence intervals and p- values

From: Factors associated with prelacteal feeding practices in Debre Berhan district, North Shoa, Central Ethiopia: a cross-sectional, community-based study

Characteristics Pre-lacteal feeds Crude odds ratio (95% CI) Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI) p-value
Yes No  
N (%) N (%)
Place of residence
 Urban 35 (38.9%) 282 (51.8%) 1 1  
 Rural 55 (61.1%) 262 (48.2%) 1.69 (1.07, 2.66)a 0.62 (0.31, 1.25) 0.18
Religion
 Christian 86 (95.5%) 465 (85.5%) 1 1  
 Muslim 4 (4.5%) 79 (14.5%) 0.40(0.14, 1.14) 0.63 (0.18, 2.16) 0.46
Age of mother (year)
  < 25 17 (18.9%) 91 (16.8%) 1 1  
 25–35 52 (57.8%) 301 (55.3%) 0.92 (0.51, 1.67) 1.67 (0.77, 3.60) 0.187
  > 35 21 (33.3%) 152 (27.9%) 0.74 (0.37, 1.47) 1.15 (0.48, 2.77) 0.741
Educational status of mother
 Unable to read and write 33 (30.3%) 130 (23.8%) 1 1  
 Read and write 23 (31.7%) 157 (28.9%) 0.57 (0.32, 1.03) 0.46 (0.22, 0.98) 0.044
 Elementary school completed 18 (15.6%) 87 (16.0%) 0.81 (0.43, 1.53) 1.53 (0.65, 3.61) 0.325
 High school completed 9 (14.5%) 94 (17.3%) 0.37 (0.17, 0.82)a 1.51 (0.50, 4.56) 0.460
 Graduate 7 (7.8%) 76 (14.0%) 0.36 (0.15, 0.86)a 2.14 (0.53, 8.64) 0.282
Educational status of husband
 Unable to read and write 17 (18.8%) 43 (7.9%) 1 1  
 Read and write 36 (40.3%) 137 (25.2%) 0.66 (0.34, 1.30) 1.77 (0.71, 4.41) 0.218
 Elementary school completed 14 (15.5%) 92 (17.0%) 0.38 (0.17, 0.85)a 0.85 (0.30, 2.45) 0.773
 High school completed 10 (11.1%) 112 (20.6%) 0.22 (0.09, 0.53)a 1.00 (0.30, 3.26) 0.997
 Graduate 13 (14.4%) 160 (29.4%) 0.20 (0.09, 0.45)a 1.14 (0.30, 4.30) 0.847
Current work status of mothers
 Housewife 12 (13.3%) 113 (20.7%) 1 1  
 Working/employed 17 (18.8%) 231 (42.5%) 0.93 (0.32, 1.50) 0.62 (0.22, 1.69) 0.352
 Farmer 61 (67.7%) 200 (36.7%) 2.87 (1.48, 5.56)a 4.33 (1.73, 10.81) 0.002
Household income
 Less than 30USD 38 (42.2%) 179 (33.06%) 1 1  
 30–60 USD 29 (32.2%) 146 (26.8%) 0.93 (0.55, 1.59) 1.28 (0.65, 2.50) 0.468
 Greater than 60 USD 23 (25.69%) 219 (40.2%) 0.49 (0.28, 0.86)a 1.19 (0.52, 2.70) 0.678
Counselled on Infant feeding
 Yes 57 (63.3%) 467 (85.8%) 1 1  
 No 33 (36.6%) 77 (14.2%) 3.51 (2.14, 5.74)a 1.60 (0.85, 3.01) 0.143
Place of delivery
 Health Institution 50 (55.5%) 485 (89.1%) 1 1  
 Home 40 (44.5%) 59 (10.9%) 6.57 (4.00, 10.79)a 4.70 (2.56, 8.60) 0.000
Breastfeeding initiation time
 Less or equal to 1 h 441 (76.3%) 33 (36.7%) 1 1  
 Greater than 1 h 129 (23.7%) 57 (63.3%) 5.57 (3.46, 8.90)a 5.58 (3.21, 9.69) 0.000
  1. aStatistically significant variables at p < 0.05, CI Confidence Interval. Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit = 0.273