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Table 1 Sample characteristics among adult patients on ART at Debre Markos Referral Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia, from September 11, 2008 to August 11, 2015 (n = 212 cases and 424 controls)

From: Determinants of undernutrition among adult patients receiving antiretroviral therapy at Debre Markos referral hospital, Northwest Ethiopia: a case-control study design

Patient Characteristics Response Cases (%) Controls (%)
Socio-Demographic Characteristics
 Sex Male 75 (35) 160 (38)
Female 137 (65) 264 (62)
 Age category 18–35 years 118 (56) 272 (64)
36–55 years 87 (41) 136 (32)
> = 56 years 7 (3) 16 (4)
 Religion Orthodox 207 (98) 409 (96)
Other 5 (2) 15 (4)
 Marital status Married 96 (45) 220 (52)
Single 25 (12) 53 (12)
Divorced 54 (25) 100 (24)
Widowed 37 (17) 51 (12)
 Ethnicity Amhara 205 (97) 416 (98)
Others 7 (3) 8 (2)
 Residence Rural 39 (18) 57 (13)
Urban 173 (82) 367 (87)
 Educational status Primary school & lower 149 (70) 283 (67)
Secondary & higher 63 (28) 141(33)
 Had children Yes 137 (65) 289 (68)
Socio-Economic Characteristics
 Has source of external support Yes 169 (80) 385 (91)
 Has disclosed HIV/AIDS status Yes 82 (39) 257 (61)
 Have public services Yes 150 (71) 338 (80)
 Owns a phone Yes 95 (45) 256 (61)
 Piped water Yes 104 (69) 184 (54)
 Own home Yes 147 (98) 332 (98)
 Electric light Yes 96 (64) 262 (78)
Clinical Characteristics
 Baseline CD4 count < 200 cells/ul 142 (67) 216 (51)
200–350 cells/ul 47 (22) 131 (31)
> 350 cells/ul 23 (11) 77 (18)
 Current CD4 count <  200 cells/ul 24 (11) 52 (12)
200–350 cells/ul 59 (28) 79 (19)
>  350 cells/ul 129 (61) 293 (69)
 WHO clinical stage at baseline Stage I 33 (16) 90 (21)
Stage II 26 (12) 91 (21)
Stage III 132 (62) 215 (51)
Stage IV 21 (10) 28 (7)
 Current WHO clinical stage Stage I 209 (99) 422 (98)
> Stage I 3 (1) 2 (2)
 ART adherence Good 161 (76) 394 (93)
Fair 28 (13) 21 (5)
Poor 23 (11) 9 (2)
 Took therapeutic food Yes 59 (28) 4 (0.94)
 Had eating problems Yes 137 (65) 112 (26)
 Had opportunistic infection Yes 124 (58) 143 (34)
 Had anemia Yes 44 (21) 48 (11)
 Total duration of ART follow-up <= 12 months 7 (3) 26 (6)
>  12 months 205 (97) 398 (94)
 Follow-up interval <= 3 months 209 (99) 420 (99)
> = 3 months 3 (1) 4 (1)
 Pre-ART & ART follow up duration <=12 months 5 (2.4) 18 (4)
> 12 months 207 (97.6) 406 (96)