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Table 6 Factors associated with undernutrition among Adult Patients receiving ART, Debre Markos referral hospital, Debre Markos Ethiopia

From: Determinants of undernutrition among adult patients receiving antiretroviral therapy at Debre Markos referral hospital, Northwest Ethiopia: a case-control study design

  Model 1: Bivariate Model 2: Demographics Model 3: Clinical Factors Model 4: Social Support
Socio-Demographic Characteristics
 Male 0.903 0.816 0.792 0.870
[0.64,1.27] [0.57,1.17] [0.53,1.19] [0.57,1.32]
 Age 1.018 * 1.023* 1.025* 1.024 *
[1.00,1.04] [1.00,1.04] [1.00,1.05] [1.01,1.05]
 Has Children 0.853 0.703^ 0.737 0.810
[0.60,1.21] [0.48,1.02] [0.48,1.12] [0.52,1.25]
 Secondary Education or Higher 0.849 0.908 1.026 1.129
[0.59,1.21] [0.63,1.32] [0.67,1.56] [0.72,1.76]
 Urban Residence 0.689 0.735 0.900 1.019
[0.44,1.08] [0.46,1.16] [0.53,1.53] [0.59,1.77]
Clinical Characteristics
 Experienced Opportunistic Infections 2.769 ***   1.695** 1.686 *
[1.97,3.89]   [1.14,2.51] [1.12,2.52]
 Experienced Anemia 2.052**   1.863* 1.812 *
[1.31,3.21]   [1.11,3.13] [1.07,3.07]
 Experienced Eating Problems 5.089 ***   3.813*** 3.400 ***
[3.57,7.26]   [2.57,5.65] [2.27,5.10]
 Level of Adherence
  Good 0.240***   Base Base
[0.15,0.39]    
  Fair 2.920***   2.792** 2.774 **
[0.15,0.39]   [1.44,5.43] [1.40,5.50]
  Poor 5.611***   4.904*** 4.722 ***
[2.55,12.4]   [2.04,11.8] [1.92,11.6]
 Baseline CD4 Count
  CD4 count of less than 200 cells/ul 1.953***   Base Base
[1.39,2.75]    
  CD4 count between 200 and 350 cells/ul 0.637*   0.621* 0.614 *
[0.43,0.94]   ([0.40,0.97] [0.39,0.96]
  CD4 count greater than 350 cells/ul 0.548*   0.504* 0.488 *
[0.33,0.90]   [0.28,0.89] [0.27,0.88]
Socio-Economic Support
 Access to Public Services (housing, water, electricity) 0.616 *    1.062
[0.42,0.90]    [0.67,1.69]
 Has disclosed HIV status 0.410 ***    0.639 *
[0.29,0.57]    [0.43,0.95]
 Has an informal caregiver 0.398 ***    0.475 **
[0.25,0.64]    [0.27,0.84]
 Owns a phone 0.530 ***    0.722
[0.38,0.74]    [0.47,1.11]
Observations 636 636 635
AIC 810.8 694.9 684.1
  1. Odds ratios reported; standard errors in parentheses
  2. ^p < 0.10, * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001