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Table 2 Food groups consumption according to food insecurity status at inclusion (N = 91)

From: Impact of fruits and vegetables vouchers on food insecurity in disadvantaged families from a Paris suburb

USDA food insecurity status Food secure N = 29 Food insecure, without hunger N = 24 Food insecure, with hunger N = 38 p value*
  n % n % n %  
CHILDREN
 Fruits and Vegetables
   < 3.5 a day 19 65.5 14 58.3 26 68.4 0.73
   ≥ 3.5 a day 10 34.5 10 41.7 12 34.6  
 Bread, starches and cereal products
   < 3 times a day 14 48.3 5 20.8 17 44.7 0.09
   ≥ 3 times a day 15 51.7 19 79.2 21 55.3  
 Meat, poultry and fish
  1 to 2 times a day 12 41.4 10 41.7 10 27.8 0.42
  Less than or more than 2 per day 17 58.6 14 58.3 26 72.2  
 Dairy products
  3–4 per day 18 62.1 16 66.7 24 63.2 0.96
  More or less than 3–4 per day 11 37.9 8 33.3 14 36.8  
 Sugared products
  4 to 6 times a week at the most 8 27.6 5 20.8 13 34.2 0.56
  One time a day or more 21 72.4 19 79.2 25 65.8  
 Fatty and salty products
  2 to 3 times a week at the most 15 51.7 14 58.3 14 36.8 0.21
  4 times a week and more 14 48.3 10 41.7 24 63.2  
 Drinks
  Only or mainly water 22 75.9 20 83.3 24 63.2 0.22
  Only or mainly other drinks than water 7 24.1 4 16.7 14 36.8  
ADULTS
 Fruits and Vegetables
   < 3.5 a day 25 86.2 15 62.5 31 81.6 0.09
   ≥ 3.5 a day 4 13.8 9 37.5 7 18.4  
 Bread, starches and cereal products
   < 3 times a day 20 69 12 50 25 65.8 0.32
   ≥ 3 times a day 9 31 12 50 13 34.2  
 Meat, poultry and fish
  1 to 2 times a day 12 41.4 12 50 13 35.1 0.50
  Less than or more than 2 per day 17 58.6 12 50 24 64.9  
 Dairy products
  3 per day 4 14.3 4 16.7 4 10.5 0.77
  More or less than 3 per day 24 85.7 20 83.3 34 89.5  
 Sugared products
  4 to 6 times a week at the most 19 65.5 16 66.7 25 34.2 1.0
  One time a day or more 10 34.5 8 33.3 13 65.8  
 Fatty and salty products
  2 to 3 times a week at the most 15 51.7 14 58.3 15 39.5 0.32
  4 times a week and more 14 48.3 10 41.7 23 60.5  
 Drinks
  Only or mainly water 20 69 22 91.7 28 73.7 0.11
  Only or mainly other drinks than water 9 31 2 8.3 10 26.3  
  1. * Chi-square or Fisher exact tests were performed