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Table 1 Panel characteristics of the study population (Child Level Variables) for the period between 2002 and 2015

From: A space-time analysis of recurrent malnutrition-related hospitalisations in Kilifi, Kenya for children under-5 years

  Overall
Total Individuals Overall Admissions (%) Between N (% between; % within)a
Gender Male 2821 3637 (57.0) 1583 (56.1;100)
Female   2738 (43.0) 1238 (43.9;100)
Age group 3–23 months 2821 3846 (60.4) 2060 (73.0; 81.9)
24-60 months   2527 (39.7) 1519 (53.9;74.6)
Malnutrition NO 2821 4509 (70.7) 2282 (80.9;88.8)
YES   1866 (29.3) 1054 (37.4;75.5)
Severe diseases 0 2821 2616 (41.4) 1709 (60.6;66.1)
1   3434 (53.9) 2160 (76.6;71.5)
2   307 (4.8) 284 (10.1;48.9)
3   18 (0.3) 17 (0.6;47.1)
Severe anaemia NO 2807 5695 (93.6) 2741 (97.7;96.0)
YES   389 (6.4) 309 (11.0;57.1)
Hypoglycaemia NO 2587 5173 (99.1) 2572 (99.4;99.5)
YES   48 (0.9) 45 (1.7;62.5)
Malaria NO 2805 4731 (78.2) 2375 (84.7;90.5)
YES   1321 (21.8) 885 (31.6;74.1)
Diarrhoea NO 2821 4992 (78.5) 2559 (90.7;85.6)
YES   1366 (21.5) 1055 (37.4;59.8)
Menengitis NO 2821 6295 (99.2) 2815 (99.8;99.3)
YES   53 (0.8) 50 (1.8;50.7)
LRTI NO 2821 4435 (69.9) 2441 (86.5;81.9)
YES   1913 (30.1) 1285 (45.6;63.9)
Gastroenteritis NO 2821 5391 (84.9) 2642 (93.7;89.8)
YES   957 (15.1) 772 (27.4;58.3)
Transfused NO 2819 5969 (94.1) 2768 (98.2;95.8)
YES   376 (5.9) 302 (10.7;55.1)
Blood Culture NO 2795 5901 (96.3) 2779 (99.4;96.9)
YES   227 (3.7) 208 (7.4;48.7)
CSF Culture NO 950 1185 (98.9) 942 (99.2;99.8)
YES   13 (1.1) 12 (1.3;81.9)
  1. NB: YES means positive test result for a given test, Between N tells us how many children had the specific characteristic of interest, % between tells us the fraction of the Total Individuals that had the characteristic, % within tells us the fraction of the re-admissions a child had the specified characteristic. Malnutrition (YES) – WHZ < -2 or Oedema, Severe anemia (YES)- Hemoglobin ≤ 5 g/dl, Hypoglycaemia (YES) - Blood glucose < 3.0 mmol/l, Malaria (YES) – parasite by microscopy fever, Meningitis (YES)- Final discharge diagnosis of meningitis; LRTI (Yes) – presence of Lower respiratory tract infections - Cerebrospinal fluid. a - one-way tabulation of counts of between and within individuals in repeated admissions data (panel data)