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Table 1 Socio-economic and demographic characteristics of children under 5 years and their mothers

From: Determinants of stunting among children aged 0–59 months in Nepal: findings from Nepal Demographic and health Survey, 2006, 2011, and 2016

Background characteristics 2006 2011 2016
% N % N % N
Caste/ethnicity
 Dalit 15.5 788 17.7 440 14.1 342
 Muslim 5.6 286 5.9 147 6.8 164
Janajati 31.6 1608 32.0 794 27.3 661
 Other Terai caste 14.0 713 9.3 230 19.8 479
 Brahmin/Chhetri 28.4 1444 29.5 734 26.0 629
 Other 4.8 244 5.6 140 6.0 146
Wealth quintile
 Poorest 25.3 1285 25.8 640 20.5 496
 Second poorest 21.4 1086 20.5 510 21.8 528
 Middle 20.3 1032 23.4 582 22.7 549
 Second richest 18.1 921 16.9 421 21.7 526
 Richest 14.9 759 13.4 332 13.3 322
Ecological Zone
 Mountain 8.4 425 7.9 196 7.0 170
 Hill 41.3 2100 39.9 991 36.2 876
Terai 50.3 2558 52.2 1298 56.8 1375
Year of schooling of mother
 No schooling 61.4 3119 50.5 1256 36.0 910
 1–5 years schooling 16.9 858 17.8 442 19.0 449
 6–9 years schooling 15.5 788 18.7 464 23.9 563
 10 and above years of schooling 6.3 318 13.0 323 21.1 499
Age of child
 Less than 6 months 9.1 474 9.2 228 9.0 218
 6–11 months 9.2 484 9.9 247 10.4 251
 12–23 months 18.7 970 19.6 489 21.1 512
 25–49 months 63.1 3155 61.3 1521 59.5 1440
Sex of child
 Boys 51.2 2604 51.2 1273 52.0 1258
 Girls 48.6 2479 48.8 1212 58.0 1163
 Total 100.0 5083 100.0 2485 100.0 2421