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Table 2 Multivariable regression models for prevalence of acute malnutrition diagnosed by MUACZ and MUAC

From: Concordance between estimates of acute malnutrition measured by weight-for-height and by mid-upper arm circumference after age adjustment: population-representative surveys from humanitarian settings

Survey-level analysis of prevalenceMUAC for AgeMUAC
Prevalence MUACZ < − 2Prevalence MUAC < 125
VariableEstimate (95% CI)p-valueEstimate (95% CI)p-value
Acute malnutrition (WHZ < − 2) prevalence0.84 (0.78–0.90)< 0.00010.47 (0.43–0.50)< 0.0001
Stunting (HAZ < -2) prevalence0.23 (0.20–0.25)< 0.00010.14 (0.12–0.15)< 0.0001
Two-category age ratio (6–23 v. 24–59 months)−0.29 (− 4.11–3.52)0.87967.15 (4.70–9.60)< 0.0001
Sex Ratio (Male to Female)1.50 (− 3.28–6.28)0.53890.56 (− 2.51–3.63)0.7206
Adjusted Model R20.49680.4277
Acute malnutrition (WHZ < − 2) prevalence0.70 (0.63–0.76)< 0.00010.36 (0.32–0.40)< 0.0001
Unadjusted Model R20.33140.2444
  1. MUAC Mid-upper arm circumference, MUACZ Mid-upper arm circumference-for-age Z-score, WHZ Weight-for-height Z-Score, HAZ Height-for-age Z-Score