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Table 3 Proportion of acutely malnourished children 6–59 months of age diagnosed by each diagnostic indicator for three indicator pairs (MUACZ and WHZ, MUAC and MUACZ, MUAC and WHZ), by regiona

From: Concordance between estimates of acute malnutrition measured by weight-for-height and by mid-upper arm circumference after age adjustment: population-representative surveys from humanitarian settings

RegionN surveysMUAC < 125 and WHZ < -2MUACZ <-2 and WHZ < -2MUAC < 125 and MUACZ <-2
N childrenMedian Percentage MUAC only (IQR)Median Percentage WHZ only (IQR)Median Percentage of both (IQR)N childrenMedian Percentage MUACZ only (IQR)Median Percentage WHZ only (IQR)Median Percentage of both (IQR)N childrenMedian Percentage MUAC only (IQR)Median Percentage MUACZ only (IQR)Median Percentage of both (IQR)
Latin America & Caribbean2591730.00 (18.18–34.33)47.27 (34.33–59.09)26.39 (20.69–30.91)1,32047.06 (37.50–60.00)27.27 (16.95–38.10)22.86 (20.00–27.12)1,1306.25 (5.13 - 11.28)54.35 (47.62 - 62.07)40.22 (33.33–45.45)
West & Central Africa21321,82123.91 (12.00–37.75)44.66 (32.20–62.39)28.79 (20.63 - 35.29)28,91541.05 (30.57–55.28)21.96 (12.92–35.48)30.89 (25.85–39.36)24,7426.57 (4.92 - 9.09)50.60 (45.04 - 57.58)42.42 (35.82–46.77)
DRC10513,24042.14 (33.02–54.29)27.69 (21.00–37.57)26.83 (20.00–34.16)17,99658.57 (48.85–65.98)12.15 (8.43–19.08)26.76 (20.13–35.24)16,9787.02 (5.22 - 9.09)45.79 (41.29–50.86)47.06 (40.88–52.11)
Eastern & Southern Africa21819,95418.30 (9.17 - 32.47)60.82 (44.83–74.36)18.62 (11.94–26.47)25,71236.23 (20.19–53.57)36.96 (19.05–48.72)27.59 (20.69–33.65)19,2087.56 (4.46 - 11.11)56.79 (46.15 - 66.67)35.29 (26.13–43.71)
Sudan13626,42315.30 (10.47–20.76)54.93 (45.71–63.32)28.26 (22.95–34.95)31,67228.44 (20.49–37.63)31.19 (22.53–38.33)38.84 (33.82–44.15)24,4407.89 (5.58 - 10.56)50.00 (44.44–56.54)42.18 (36.30–47.48)
East Asia & Pacific243,12420.32 (11.73–31.64)46.64 (31.20–67.74)31.97 (20.53–36.83)4,40740.11 (27.85–54.67)18.14 (9.95–32.24)33.98 (22.99–42.72)3,8726.43 (4.20 - 9.92)54.08 (50.51 - 59.63)38.96 (31.84–44.50)
South Asia14216,15227.81 (15.18–45.99)43.83 (27.15–60.18)24.39 (18.07 - 31.68)21,63148.28 (31.02–61.8)22.35 (14.98–31.53)29.14 (21.03–38.60)18,7977.15 (5.49 - 10.34)51.35 (43.01–59.33)40.74 (33.33–49.08)
TOTALb866101,76621.64 (11.85–38.46)48.19 (31.46–64.86)25.53 (17.88–32.94)131,79441.38 (26.32–56.68)24.09 (13.68–39.05)30.63 (23.91–38.60)109,2677.04 (5.00 - 10.20)51.01 (44.44–58.82)40.78 (33.33–47.52)
  1. MUAC Mid-upper arm circumference, MUACZ Mid-upper arm circumference-for-age Z-score, WHZ Weight-for-height Z-Score, IQR interquartile range, DRC Democratic Republic of Congo
  2. aMedian of the survey-level prevalence not pooled estimates; categories therefore do not add to 100%
  3. bTotal category includes 3 surveys from the Middle East that aren’t presented by regional breakdown due to small number of surveys