Skip to main content

Table 5 Proportion (IQR) of acutely malnourished children 6–23 and 24–59 months of age diagnosed by each of three indicator pairs (MUACZ and WHZ, MUAC and MUACZ, MUAC and WHZ), by regiona

From: Concordance between estimates of acute malnutrition measured by weight-for-height and by mid-upper arm circumference after age adjustment: population-representative surveys from humanitarian settings

 Children 6 to 23 Months of AgeChildren 24 to 59 Months of Age
RegionN ChildrenMedian Percentage MUACZ only (IQR)Median Percentage WHZ only (IQR)Median Percentage of both (IQR)N childrenMedian Percentage MUACZ only (IQR)Median Percentage WHZ only (IQR)Median Percentage of both (IQR)
Latin America & Caribbean49133.33 (21.43–38.46)33.33 (20.00–50.00)33.33 (29.41–41.38)82962.32 (53.33–72.86)15.71 (11.76–28.57)16.13 (11.43–23.19)
West & Central Africa10,87328.89 (16.67–46.81)28.89 (17.24–46.67)36.84 (28.57–43.75)18,04251.79 (38.46–64.75)16.07 (10.00–30.00)28.71 (22.22–36.62)
DRC6,87553.70 (38.18–62.50)14.29 (8.70–23.21)30.43 (23.81–38.98)11,12163.79 (53.95–71.57)10.20 (7.08–15.63)24.60 (17.50–30.67)
Eastern & Southern Africa8,90726.67 (15.79–41.03)41.15 (25.93–54.55)31.40 (20.83–39.53)16,80543.39 (21.98–65.45)31.91 (14.10–46.97)25.00 (16.67–32.50)
Sudan12,01620.23 (14.09–31.56)32.11 (23.80–40.00)45.82 (38.31–51.39)19,65633.00 (24.59–45.26)27.86 (21.72–38.27)34.72 (30.04–39.78)
East Asia & Pacific1,56425.21 (15.63–38.56)25.58 (18.34–49.48)37.22 (27.91–47.54)2,84349.05 (36.18–66.87)12.74 (6.19–21.46)29.59 (17.49–44.38)
South Asia8,55833.58 (18.52–50.98)27.64 (17.24–42.86)33.69 (24.73–43.86)13,07355.46 (37.50–70.64)18.80 (9.76–27.27)24.66 (17.07–34.51)
TOTALb49,35030.37 (17324–45.76)30.36 (16.95–45.61)35.78 (26.48–44.44)82,44449.06 (31.58–65.88)19.96 (10.28–35.09)28.00 (19.35–35.53)
RegionN ChildrenMedian Percentage MUAC only (IQR)Median Percentage MUACZ only (IQR)Median Percentage of both (IQR)N childrenMedian Percentage MUAC only (IQR)Median Percentage MUACZ only (IQR)Median Percentage of both (IQR)
Latin America & Caribbean44219.23 (14.29–25.00)16.00 (13.43–20.00)64.18 (54.55–71.43)688076.67 (73.68–83.33)23.33 (16.67–26.32)
West & Central Africa9,68616.67 (13.04–22.50)11.11 (7.14–15.79)71.67 (64.29–76.34)14,266077.78 (70.97–85.71)22.22 (14.29–29.03)
DRC7,08817.78 (13.64–21.43)10.39 (7.02–13.21)72.22 (65.63–77.02)9,890072.97 (64.14–79.63)27.03 (20.37–35.86)
Eastern & Southern Africa7,23220.00 (14.29–27.27)11.76 (7.14–18.18)66.67 (57.58–74.03)11,976083.89 (77.95–90.00)16.11 (10.00–22.05)
Sudan10,17418.84 (13.68–23.61)9.52 (6.62–12.89)71.43 (66.26–76.30)14,266080.90 (73.97–86.22)19.10 (13.78–26.03)
East Asia & Pacific1,36617.70 (13.03–21.83)10.66 (5.41–17.03)72.54 (66.67–77.50)2,506081.37 (75.42–87.39)18.63 (12.61–24.58)
South Asia7,87618.37 (13.25–23.88)9.82 (7.14–14.29)71.06 (63.89–77.27)10,921079.41 (72.34–86.11)19.10 (13.78–26.03)
TOTALb43,92018.35 (13.64–24.32)10.71 (7.04–15.09)70.50 (63.08–76.19)65,347080.00 (72.73–86.36)20.00 (13.64–27.27)
RegionN ChildrenMedian Percentage MUAC only (IQR)Median Percentage WHZ only (IQR)Median Percentage of both (IQR)N childrenMedian Percentage MUAC only (IQR)Median Percentage WHZ only (IQR)Median Percentage of both (IQR)
Latin America & Caribbean52235.29 (26.32–38.46)28.13 (21.43–50.00)32.35 (23.08–41.67)39516.67 (5.88–32.26)57.14 (47.62–73.91)21.43 (14.29–25.00)
West & Central Africa11,43733.33 (17.39–48.48)25.76 (14.71–43.48)35.19 (27.03–44.44)10,38413.16 (3.45–25.61)64.29 (47.80–82.81)17.39 (10.00–26.92)
DRC7,45656.82 (41.18–67.27)13.33 (7.84–19.67)28.72 (21.95–38.17)5,78424.32 (15.15–36.36)49.21 (36.17–58.82)25.58 (14.29–30.99)
Eastern & Southern Africa9,41630.00 (19.29–44.44)35.76 (24.15–50.55)30.63 (22.50–38.64)10,5386.49 (0.86–20.00)85.04 (61.29–93.33)7.69 (2.61–15.38)
Sudan12,69625.00 (18.02–33.03)29.24 (20.47–37.28)45.63 (37.46–51.46)13,7274.95 (2.78–10.22)81.90 (69.00–88.29)12.43 (8.67–19.33)
East Asia & Pacific1,61030.35 (19.30–38.49)21.90 (17.34–47.93)41.49 (30.75–46.85)1,5149.55 (3.34–27.92)70.71 (48.98–84.41)18.91 (8.45–27.21)
South Asia9,18135.86 (24.62–53.85)24.05 (14.29–39.29)32.33 (23.81–43.20)6,97113.25 (4.00–31.58)68.99 (47.62–82.05)15.38 (9.80–21.74)
TOTALb52,39133.33 (20.50–48.28)26.92 (15.38–27.27)34.78 (25.49–44.19)49,37511.11 (2.90–25.00)70.75 (50.00–86.68)14.03 (7.41–24.53)
  1. MUAC Mid-upper arm circumference, MUACZ Mid-upper arm circumference-for-age Z-score, WHZ Weight-for-height Z-Score, IQR interquartile range
  2. aMedian of the survey-level percentage not pooled estimates; categories therefore do not add to 100%
  3. bTotal category includes 3 surveys from the Middle East that aren’t presented by regional breakdown due to small number of surveys