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Table 1 Characteristics of the study subjects, BDHS-2014

From: Correlates of stunting among under-five children in Bangladesh: a multilevel approach

Characteristic Total (sample size = 6965) Frequency(Percentage) Male (sample size =3571) Female (sample size = 3394)
Frequency(Percentage) Frequency(Percentage)
Age in months
 mean 29.56 29.42 29.72
  < 6 558 (8.01) 302(8.46) 256 (7.54)
 6–11 786 (11.28) 396 (11.09) 390 (11.49)
 12–23 1456 (20.90) 744 (20.83) 712 (20.98)
 24–35 1405 (20.17) 719 (20.13) 686 (20.21)
 36–47 1377 (19.77) 701 (19.63) 676 (19.92)
 48–59 1383 (19.86) 709 (19.85) 674 (19.86)
Size of child at birth
 Very large 96 (2.28) 55 (2.55) 41 (2.01)
 Larger than average 456 (10.84) 251 (11.61) 205 (10.03)
 Average 2849 (67.75) 1466 (67.84) 1383 (67.66)
 Smaller than average 544 (12.94) 271 (12.54) 273 (13.36)
 Very small 260 (6.18) 118 (5.46) 142 (6.95)
Live birth between births
 Yes 4 (0.09) 2 (0.09) 2 (0.10)
 No 4261 (99.91) 2204 (99.91) 2057 (99.90)
Preceding birth interval (months)
 First birth 2700 (38.84) 1365 (38.31) 1335 (39.40)
  < 24 476 (6.85) 243 (6.82) 233 (6.88)
 24–47 1388 (19.97) 733 (20.57) 655 (19.33)
 48 + 2387 (34.34) 1222 (34.30) 1165 (34.39)
Age of mother at 1st birth (years)
  < 20 5085 (73.01) 2608 (73.03) 2477 (72.98)
 20–30 1838 (26.39) 940 (26.32) 898 (26.46)
 30 + 42 (0.60) 23 (0.64) 19 (0.56)
Mother’s BMI
 Underweight 1556 (22.42) 797 (22.41) 759 (22.44)
 Normal 4067 (58.60) 2096 (58.93) 1971 (58.26)
 Overweight 1097 (15.81) 543 (15.27) 554 (16.38)
 Obese 220 (3.17) 121 (3.40) 99 (2.93)
Frequency of antenatal visits during pregnancy
 No antenatal care visits 848 (20.95) 434 (20.80) 414 (21.11)
 Antenatal visits 3196 (78.95) 1651 (79.11) 1545 (78.79)
 Don’t know 4 (0.10) 2 (0.10) 2 (0.10)
Duration of breastfeeding
 Ever Breastfed 535 (13.15) 275 (13.13) 260 (13.18)
 Never breastfed 46 (1.13) 22 (1.05) 24 (1.22)
 Still breastfeeding 3481 (85.59) 1798 (85.82) 1683 (85.34)
 Don’t know 5 (0.12) 0 (0.00) 5 (0.25)
Mother’s educational level
 No education 1076 (15.45) 588 (16.47) 488 (14.38)
 Primary 1934 (27.77) 957 (26.80) 977 (28.79)
 Secondary 3219 (46.22) 1631 (45.67) 1588 (46.79)
 Higher 736 (10.57) 395 (11.06) 341 (10.05)
Mother’s employment status
 Yes 1747 (25.09) 885 (24.79) 862 (25.40)
 No 5217 (74.91) 2685 (75.21) 2532 (74.60)
Father’s educational level
 No education 1736 (24.93) 875 (24.50) 861 (25.38)
 Primary 2100 (30.16) 1047 (29.32) 1053 (31.04)
 Secondary 2118 (30.42) 1119 (31.34) 999 (29.45)
 Higher 1009 (14.49) 530 (14.84) 479 (14.12)
Father’s occupation
 Professional 651 (9.38) 335 (9.40) 316 (9.35)
 Sales 1384 (19.94) 705 (19.79) 679 (20.09)
 Agricultural-self employ 642 (9.25) 346 (9.71) 296 (8.76)
 Agricultural-employ 1046 (15.07) 527 (14.80) 519 (15.36)
 Services 583 (8.40) 272 (7.64) 311 (9.20)
 Skilled manual 2460 (35.44) 1280 (35.93) 1180 (34.91)
 Household and domestic 132 (1.90) 71 (1.99) 61 (1.80)
 Don’t work 44 (0.63) 26 (0.73) 18 (0.53)
Division
 Barisal 812 (11.66) 416 (11.65) 396 (11.67)
 Chittagong 1320 (18.95) 667 (18.68) 653 (19.27)
 Dhaka 1213 (17.42) 620 (17.36) 593 (17.47)
 Khulna 774 (11.11) 399 (11.17) 375 (11.05)
 Rajshahi 875 (12.56) 442 (12.38) 433 (12.76)
 Rangpur 865 (12.42) 456 (12.77) 409 (12.05)
 Sylhet 1106 (15.88) 571 (15.99) 535 (15.76)
Type of Place of residence
 Urban 2188 (31.41) 1129 (31.62) 1059 (31.20)
 Rural 4777 (68.59) 2442 (68.38) 2335 (68.80)
Wealth index
 Poorest 1515 (21.75) 794 (22.23) 721 (21.24)
 Poorer 1307 (18.77) 674 (18.87) 633 (18.65)
 Middle 1379 (19.80) 677 (18.96) 702 (20.68)
 Richer 1420 (20.39) 732 (20.50) 688 (20.27)
 Richest 1344 (19.30) 694 (19.43) 650 (19.15)