Skip to main content

Table 4 Factors associated with the Blood Pressure of the Respondents

From: Nutritional status and Cardiometabolic health among adolescents; findings from southwestern Nigeria

Variable Blood Pressure Total (%) Statistics
Normal (%) Elevated (%)
Currently smoking χ2 = 1.8d
 Yes 1 (0.5) 3 (75.0) 4 (1.3) df = 1
 No 209 (99.5) 100 (97.1) 309 (98.) p = 0.106
Currently taking alcoholic beverages χ2 = 5.018c
 Yes 10 (4.8) 12 (11.7) 22 (7.0) df = 1
 No 200 (95.2) 91 (88.3) 291 (93.0) p = 0.025 a
WHR χ2 = 0.893c
 Normal 165 (78.6) 76 (73.8) 241 (77.0) df = 1
 Abnormal 45 (21.4) 27 (26.2) 72 (23.0) p = 0.391
WHtR χ2 = 15.109c
 Low 203 (96.7) 87 (84.5) 290 (92.7) df = 1
 High 7 (3.3) 16 (15.5) 23 (7.3) p = 0.001a
BMI
 Underweight 29 (13.8) 9 (8.7) 38 (12.1) χ2 = 24.971c
 Normal 172 (81.9) 71 (68.9) 243 (77.6) df = 2
 Overweight/obese 9 (4.3) 23 (22.3) 32 (10.2) p < 0.001a
bRBS (n = 179) χ2 = 0.044d
 Normal 108 (96.4) 65 (97.0) 173 (96.6) df = 1
 Elevated 4 (3.6) 2 (3.0) 6 (3.4) p = 0.832
  1. WHR – waist-hip ratio; WHtR – waist-to-height ratio; BMI – body mass index; RBS – random blood sugar
  2. a statistically significant; b only 179 (57.2%) of the respondents consented to the test; c Chi-square-test used; d Fisher’s exact test used