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Table 3 Summary of meta-analysis for associated factors of adolescent underweight in Ethiopia, 2017

From: Prevalence and associated factors of adolescent undernutrition in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

s.no Factor Number of studies OR (95%CI) P-value Heterogeneity Egger’s test (p-value)
Q-value P-value I2
1 Age (early adolescent) 9 2.45 (1.46,4.1) 0.001 83.14 < 0.001 90.34 0.45
2 Family size(≥5) 4 2.95 (1.76, 4.93) < 0.001 17.62 0.001 82.97 0.69
3 Food insecure household 2 2.38 (1.54,3.69) < 0.001 1.22 0.27 17.91  
4 Sex (female) 8 0.69 (0.41,1.12) 0.18 77.46 < 0.001 90.96 0.65
5 Lack of latrine 2 2.19 (1.09,4.4) 0.03 8.8 0.003 88.65  
6 WHO Diet diversity score (< 4) 5 1.95 (1.31,2.92) 0.001 14.39 0.006 72.2 0.88
7 Father education (illiterate) 2 0.89 (0.64,1.26) 0.5 0.93 0.34 0.000  
8 Mother education (illiterate) 5 4.1 (2.42,6.95) < 0.001 25.59 < 0.001 84.37 0.47
  1. OR Odds ratio, CI Confidence interval, Q-value = reflects study variability, I2 (Tua-square) = estimated variance of the observed effect sizes