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Table 1 Characterization of the study population (mean ± SD)

From: Characterization, dietary habits and nutritional intake of omnivorous, lacto-ovo vegetarian and vegan runners – a pilot study

  OMN (n = 27) p value
OMN-LOV
LOV (n = 26) p value
LOV-VEG
VEG (n = 28) p value
OMN-VEG
p value
3 groups
Age, years 27.4 ± 4.03 27.6 ± 4.31 27.5 ± 4.24 0.968b
Sex m = 11, w = 16 m = 10, w = 16 m = 10, w = 18 0.929c
BMI, kg/m2 22.3 ± 1.74 21.6 ± 1.98 22.1 ± 2.09 0.436b
Waist, cm
 Female 71.0 ± 4.3 - 70.1 ± 3.8 - 69.5 ± 5.0 - 0.057a
 Male 79.5 ± 4.3 - 76.4 ± 3.0 - 80.6 ± 4.1 - 0.591a
Systolic blood pressure, mm Hg 121 ± 11.1 121 ± 13.4 116 ± 12.6 0.201b
Diastolic blood pressure, mm Hg 74.0 ± 6.00 72.0 ± 4.00 72.0 ± 9.00 0.457b
Pulse rate, bpm 66.0 ± 9.00 61.0 ± 8.00 65.0 ± 10.00 0.188b
Duration of diet 0.001c
  < 0.5 years, n (%) 0 (0)   0 (0)   0 (0)   
 0.5–1 year, n (%) 0 (0)   4 (15.4)   6 (21.4)   
 1–2 years, n (%) 1 (3.7)   3 (11.5)   4 (14.3)   
 2–3 years, n (%) 0 (0)   2 (7.7)   7 (25.0)   
  > 3 years, n (%) 26 (96.3)   17 (65.4)   11 (39.3)   
Magnesium SU, n (%) 5 (22.2)   4 (15.4)   5 (17.9)   0.710c
Calcium SU, n (%) 3 (11.1)   1 (3.9)   2 (7.14)   0.210c
Iron SU, n (%) 3 (11.1)   4 (15.4)   5 (17.9)   0.689c
Vitamin B12 SU, n (%) 4 (18.5)   4 (15.4)   15 (53.9)   0.005c
Vitamin D SU, n (%) 5 (22.2)   1 (3.9)   7 (25.0)   0.078c
Smoker, n (%) 0 (0)   0 (0) 0 (0)
Training frequency per week 3.04 ± 0.98 3.24 ± 0.88 3.00 ± 0.85 0.502b
Running time per week (h) 2.72 ± 1.11 3.38 ± 1.43 2.65 ± 1.38 0.079b
  1. OMN omnivores, LOV lacto-ovo vegetarians, VEG vegans, BMI body mass index, bpm beats per minute, SU supplement users
  2. aOne-way ANOVA, bKruskal Wallis test, cChi-square test, p-values ​​in bold represent statistical significance