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Table 1 Characterization of the study population (mean ± SD)

From: Characterization, dietary habits and nutritional intake of omnivorous, lacto-ovo vegetarian and vegan runners – a pilot study

 OMN (n = 27)p value
OMN-LOV
LOV (n = 26)p value
LOV-VEG
VEG (n = 28)p value
OMN-VEG
p value
3 groups
Age, years27.4 ± 4.0327.6 ± 4.3127.5 ± 4.240.968b
Sexm = 11, w = 16m = 10, w = 16m = 10, w = 180.929c
BMI, kg/m222.3 ± 1.7421.6 ± 1.9822.1 ± 2.090.436b
Waist, cm
 Female71.0 ± 4.3-70.1 ± 3.8-69.5 ± 5.0-0.057a
 Male79.5 ± 4.3-76.4 ± 3.0-80.6 ± 4.1-0.591a
Systolic blood pressure, mm Hg121 ± 11.1121 ± 13.4116 ± 12.60.201b
Diastolic blood pressure, mm Hg74.0 ± 6.0072.0 ± 4.0072.0 ± 9.000.457b
Pulse rate, bpm66.0 ± 9.0061.0 ± 8.0065.0 ± 10.000.188b
Duration of diet0.001c
  < 0.5 years, n (%)0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)  
 0.5–1 year, n (%)0 (0) 4 (15.4) 6 (21.4)  
 1–2 years, n (%)1 (3.7) 3 (11.5) 4 (14.3)  
 2–3 years, n (%)0 (0) 2 (7.7) 7 (25.0)  
  > 3 years, n (%)26 (96.3) 17 (65.4) 11 (39.3)  
Magnesium SU, n (%)5 (22.2) 4 (15.4) 5 (17.9) 0.710c
Calcium SU, n (%)3 (11.1) 1 (3.9) 2 (7.14) 0.210c
Iron SU, n (%)3 (11.1) 4 (15.4) 5 (17.9) 0.689c
Vitamin B12 SU, n (%)4 (18.5) 4 (15.4) 15 (53.9) 0.005c
Vitamin D SU, n (%)5 (22.2) 1 (3.9) 7 (25.0) 0.078c
Smoker, n (%)0 (0) 0 (0)0 (0)
Training frequency per week3.04 ± 0.983.24 ± 0.883.00 ± 0.850.502b
Running time per week (h)2.72 ± 1.113.38 ± 1.432.65 ± 1.380.079b
  1. OMN omnivores, LOV lacto-ovo vegetarians, VEG vegans, BMI body mass index, bpm beats per minute, SU supplement users
  2. aOne-way ANOVA, bKruskal Wallis test, cChi-square test, p-values ​​in bold represent statistical significance