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Table 2 Mean daily intake of different food categories calculated from a 3-day dietary record

From: Characterization, dietary habits and nutritional intake of omnivorous, lacto-ovo vegetarian and vegan runners – a pilot study

Food group (g/day)OMN
(n = 27)
p value
OMN-LOV
LOV
(n = 25)
p value
LOV-VEG
VEG
(n = 27)
p value
OMN-VEG
p value
3 groups
Meat85.8 ± 58.80.000c1.000c0.000c0.000b
Meat products and sausages29.6 ± 32.10.000c1.000c0.000c0.000b
Fish and seafood28.7 ± 39.90.000c1.000c0.000c0.000b
Milk and dairy products290 ± 1831.000c279 ± 3110.000c0.000c0.000b
Eggs23.8 ± 37.41.000c15.8 ± 25.00.003c0.000c0.000b
Fat and oil9.85 ± 14.810.3 ± 12.112.0 ± 10.80.228b
Whole grain products33.2 ± 48.750.6 ± 58.851.0 ± 59.00.294b
Cereal products208 ± 141188 ± 130220 ± 1200.678a
Pastries58.8 ± 50.058.0 ± 10037.4 ± 73.80.067b
Potatoes44.1 ± 79.31.000c37.5 ± 62.30.013c118 ± 1300.017c0.005b
Vegetables (except potatoes, legumes)265 ± 2370.511c324 ± 1870.031c521 ± 2580.000c0.000b
Legumes (except soybeans)3.70 ± 8.080.054c27.7 ± 39.70.092c66.4 ± 68.10.000c0.000b
Soybeans0.007c54.4 ± 950.031c151 ± 1790.000c0.000b
Fresh fruit266 ± 1601.000c288 ± 1710.041c518 ± 4040.015c0.009b
Nuts and seeds4.57 ± 8.300.044c19.7 ± 23.70.578c26.0 ± 29.30.000b0.001b
Sweets37.0 ± 39.338.9 ± 44.420.2 ± 33.60.148b
Alcoholic drinks131 ± 210101 ± 19863.0 ± 1460.184b
Alcohol5.50 ± 8.643.89 ± 6.912.26 ± 5.570.345b
Nonalcoholic beverages (except coffee and tea)1103 ± 1095794 ± 10981246 ± 12580.339b
Coffee170 ± 164279 ± 238148 ± 1980.051b
Tea257 ± 398181 ± 310221 ± 3390.999b
Fast food57.1 ± 75.20.063c32.7 ± 87.21.000c16.6 ± 38.10.025c0.016b
  1. All nutrients excluding dietary supplements. OMN omnivores, LOV lacto-ovo vegetarians, VEG vegans
  2. Data are presented as mean ± SD. aOne-way ANOVA, bKruskal Wallis test, cPost hoc test, p-values ​​in bold represent statistical significance