Skip to main content

Table 2 Mean daily intake of different food categories calculated from a 3-day dietary record

From: Characterization, dietary habits and nutritional intake of omnivorous, lacto-ovo vegetarian and vegan runners – a pilot study

Food group (g/day) OMN
(n = 27)
p value
OMN-LOV
LOV
(n = 25)
p value
LOV-VEG
VEG
(n = 27)
p value
OMN-VEG
p value
3 groups
Meat 85.8 ± 58.8 0.000c 1.000c 0.000c 0.000b
Meat products and sausages 29.6 ± 32.1 0.000c 1.000c 0.000c 0.000b
Fish and seafood 28.7 ± 39.9 0.000c 1.000c 0.000c 0.000b
Milk and dairy products 290 ± 183 1.000c 279 ± 311 0.000c 0.000c 0.000b
Eggs 23.8 ± 37.4 1.000c 15.8 ± 25.0 0.003c 0.000c 0.000b
Fat and oil 9.85 ± 14.8 10.3 ± 12.1 12.0 ± 10.8 0.228b
Whole grain products 33.2 ± 48.7 50.6 ± 58.8 51.0 ± 59.0 0.294b
Cereal products 208 ± 141 188 ± 130 220 ± 120 0.678a
Pastries 58.8 ± 50.0 58.0 ± 100 37.4 ± 73.8 0.067b
Potatoes 44.1 ± 79.3 1.000c 37.5 ± 62.3 0.013c 118 ± 130 0.017c 0.005b
Vegetables (except potatoes, legumes) 265 ± 237 0.511c 324 ± 187 0.031c 521 ± 258 0.000c 0.000b
Legumes (except soybeans) 3.70 ± 8.08 0.054c 27.7 ± 39.7 0.092c 66.4 ± 68.1 0.000c 0.000b
Soybeans 0.007c 54.4 ± 95 0.031c 151 ± 179 0.000c 0.000b
Fresh fruit 266 ± 160 1.000c 288 ± 171 0.041c 518 ± 404 0.015c 0.009b
Nuts and seeds 4.57 ± 8.30 0.044c 19.7 ± 23.7 0.578c 26.0 ± 29.3 0.000b 0.001b
Sweets 37.0 ± 39.3 38.9 ± 44.4 20.2 ± 33.6 0.148b
Alcoholic drinks 131 ± 210 101 ± 198 63.0 ± 146 0.184b
Alcohol 5.50 ± 8.64 3.89 ± 6.91 2.26 ± 5.57 0.345b
Nonalcoholic beverages (except coffee and tea) 1103 ± 1095 794 ± 1098 1246 ± 1258 0.339b
Coffee 170 ± 164 279 ± 238 148 ± 198 0.051b
Tea 257 ± 398 181 ± 310 221 ± 339 0.999b
Fast food 57.1 ± 75.2 0.063c 32.7 ± 87.2 1.000c 16.6 ± 38.1 0.025c 0.016b
  1. All nutrients excluding dietary supplements. OMN omnivores, LOV lacto-ovo vegetarians, VEG vegans
  2. Data are presented as mean ± SD. aOne-way ANOVA, bKruskal Wallis test, cPost hoc test, p-values ​​in bold represent statistical significance