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Table 3 Logistic regression analysis for death and becoming bedridden

From: Association between delivery methods for enteral nutrition and physical status among older adults

Predictor variablesDeath or bedriddenaDeathaBedriddenb
OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)
PEG feeding (nasogastric feeding as reference)0.38 (0.16–0.93)*0.56 (0.19–1.64)0.09 (0.02–0.40)*
Age (years)1.01 (0.95–1.07)1.03 (0.95–1.11)1.02 (0.93–1.12)
Female (male as reference)1.36 (0.59–3.12)0.30 (0.10–0.88)*3.90 (0.75–20.19)
BMI < 18.5 (≥18.5 as reference)0.78 (0.20–3.01)1.82 (0.41–8.00)0.89 (0.10–8.34)
Diagnosis (stroke/neurological diseases as reference)
 Respiratory diseases2.91 (0.73–11.64)0.80 (0.17–3.88)2.21 (0.28–17.37)
 Malignancy0.59 (0.13–2.76)0.79 (0.13–4.89)2.44 (0.17–35.72)
 Others0.35 (0.09–1.38)0.34 (0.06–1.90)0.24 (0.02–2.99)
Dementia0.35 (0.13–0.97)*0.84 (0.25–2.90)0.59 (0.11–3.21)
Updated Charlson Comorbidity Index (score of 0–2 as reference)
 3–50.65 (0.14–3.05)0.35 (0.04–2.82)0.31 (0.02–4.69)
  ≥ 60.48 (0.08–2.97)0.82 (0.09–7.39)0.03 (0.00–1.09)
Albumin < 2.5 mg/dL (level ≥ 2.5 mg/dL as reference)0.88 (0.26–2.92)1.78 (0.45–7.11)0.27 (0.02–2.88)
Severity: A score ≥ 2 (score of 0–1 as reference)c1.05 (0.49–2.26)0.64 (0.26–1.54)3.31 (0.76–14.36)
Physical function: B score = 7–9 (score of 0–6 as reference)d1.77 (0.68–4.64)1.36 (0.39–4.66)1.34 (0.27–6.80)
Physical restraints (no physical restraints as reference)1.69 (0.79–3.65)1.53 (0.56–4.15)5.08 (1.19–21.71)*
Physical therapy (no physical therapy as reference)0.44 (0.08–2.56)0.12 (0.01–0.95)*0.15 (0.00–12.55)
Daily intake of enteral nutrition (kcal/100)0.77 (0.68–0.88)*0.76 (0.66–0.88)*0.66 (0.52–0.85)*
Estimated energy requirement (kcal/100)1.13 (0.83–1.53)1.15 (0.85–1.56)1.38 (0.79–2.40)
Geriatric nutritional risk index0.98 (0.93–1.03)0.98 (0.91–1.05)0.97 (0.86–1.09)
  1. *P < 0.05
  2. a181 patients were analyzed
  3. b98 patients who survived and continued to receive enteral nutrition at discharge were analyzed
  4. cA score of ≥2 means severe disease
  5. dB score of 7–9 means moderately dependent, whereas B score of 0–-6 means less dependent