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Table 4 Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression of factors associated with undernutrition among elderly at Sodo Zuriya districts, Wolaita Zone, southern Ethiopia, 2017 (n = 554)

From: Predictors of undernutrition among the elderly in Sodo zuriya district Wolaita zone, Ethiopia

VariableCategoryUndernutrition95% C. I for OR
Yes (%)No (%)Bivariate (COR)Multivariate (AOR)
Age group60–7962 (14.8)358 (85.2)1 
> 8033 (24.6)101 (75.4)1.6 [0.33–0.83]**0.7 (0.42–1.25)
Read & WriteUnable84 (19.8)340 (80.2)2.3 [1.37–5.21]**.2.09 (1.02–4.27)***
Able11 (8.5)119 (91.5)1 
Smoke currentlyYes7 (43.8)9 (56.2)3.9 [1.43–10.92]**4.9 (1.53–15.45)***
No88 (16.4)450 (83.6)1 
SexFemale53 (20.5)206 (79.5)1.4 [0.4–12.07]**0.9 (0.55–1.53)
Male42 (14.2)253 (85.8)1 
Illness in the last three monthYes57 (20.9)216 (79.1)1.5 [1.07–2.64]**1.3 (0.67–2.56)
No38 (13.5)243 (86.5)1 
Weight lost in the last three monthYes30 (23.6)97 (76.4)1.5 [1.06–2.88]**1.2 (0.53–2.12)
No65 (15.2)362 (84.8)1 
Marital statusMarried44 (12.3)314 (87.7)1 
Others*51 (26.0)145 (74)2.1 [0.25–0.66]**2.02 (1.26–3.43) ***
Take medication currentlyYes27 (22.9)91 (77.1)1.5 [0.92–2.65]**1.2 (0.63–2.35)
No68 (15.6)368 (84.4)1 
Decline food intakeYes47 (25.7)136 (74.3)1.9 [1.48–3.66]**2.1 (1.02–4.23)***
No48 (12.9)323 (87.1)1 
Monthly income ($)< 2092 (20.0)368 (80.0)7.5 [2.35–24.42]**7.5 (2.12–26.56)***
> 203 (3.2)91 (96.8)1 
  1. *Divorced or Widowed, **p-value< 0.25, ***p value< 0.05